Clinical pharmacology

Section edited by Catherine Sherwin 

This section considers submissions that focus on all areas of clinical pharmacology including rational prescribing, pharmacoeconomics, pharmacovigillance, pharmacoepidemiology and clinical trials.

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  1. Research article

    Adverse drug events observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with 100 mg versus 300 mg canagliflozin: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials

    Nowadays, canagliflozin monotherapy, or in combination with other oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs), is often administered in patients who are treated for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, we aimed to ...

    Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo and Feng Huang

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:19

    Published on: 16 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Mechanism of the blood pressure-lowering effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors in obese patients with type 2 diabetes

    Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are reported to have BP-lowering effect in addition to blood glucose-lowering effect, however, its mechanism is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate ...

    Shin Kawasoe, Yukiko Maruguchi, Shoko Kajiya, Hitoshi Uenomachi, Masaaki Miyata, Mariko Kawasoe, Takuro Kubozono and Mitsuru Ohishi

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:23

    Published on: 10 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Drug adherence for antihypertensive medications and its determinants among adult hypertensive patients attending in chronic clinics of referral hospitals in Northwest Ethiopia

    Adherence to prescribed medication is an imperative issue which can be directly linked with the management of chronic diseases like hypertension; failure to adhere can affect the effectiveness of medication as...

    Habtamu Sewunet Mekonnen, Mignote Hailu Gebrie, Kokeb Haile Eyasu and Abebaw Addis Gelagay

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:27

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Treatment adherence and persistence with long-acting somatostatin analog therapy for the treatment of acromegaly: a retrospective analysis

    Many patients with acromegaly require medical treatment that includes somatostatin analogs (SSAs). Long-acting SSA formulations are widely used, due in part to increased patient convenience and increased treat...

    Michelle H. Gurel, Yi Han, Andrea L. Stevens, Aaron Furtado and David Cox

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:22

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Pharmacokinetics of surotomycin from phase 1 single and multiple ascending dose studies in healthy volunteers

    Surotomycin, a novel, orally administered, cyclic, lipopeptide antibacterial in development for the treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, has demonstrated minimal intestinal absorption in animal...

    Gurudatt Chandorkar, Qiao Zhan, Julie Donovan, Shruta Rege and Hernando Patino

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:24

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  6. Case report

    Methimazole associated eosinophilic pleural effusion: a case report

    Adverse reactions associated to anti-thyroid drugs include fever, rash, arthralgia, agranulocytosis and hepatitis that are thought to be hypersensitivity reactions. Five cases of pleural effusion associated to...

    Pedro Gaspar-da-Costa, Filipa Duarte Silva, Júlia Henriques, Sónia do Vale, Sandra Braz, João Meneses Santos and Rui M.M. Victorino

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:16

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Long-term treatment of clarithromycin at a low concentration improves hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in human small airway epithelial cells by increasing Nrf2 mRNA expression

    Clarithromycin (CAM), a representative macrolide antibiotic, has been used widely at low doses for long-term therapy of chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Anti-inflammatory effects of macrolide antibiotics ...

    Kuninori Iwayama, Ayuko Kusakabe, Keisuke Ohtsu, Takahiro Nawano, Ryosuke Tatsunami, Ko-ichi Ohtaki, Yoshiko Tampo and Nobumasa Hayase

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:15

    Published on: 25 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Antibiotic use practices of pharmacy staff: a cross-sectional study in Saint Petersburg, the Russian Federation

    Non-prescription access to antimicrobials is common, and self-prescribing is increasingly popular in Russian society. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of community pharmacists regarding antibi...

    Tatiana Belkina, Natalia Duvanova, Julia Karbovskaja, Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens and Jiri Vlcek

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:11

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  9. Research article

    The efficacy and safety of co-administration of fimasartan and rosuvastatin to patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia

    Hypertension and dyslipidemia are major risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the co-administration of fimasartan and rosuv...

    Moo-Yong Rhee, Taehoon Ahn, Kiyuk Chang, Shung Chull Chae, Tae-Hyun Yang, Wan Joo Shim, Tae Soo Kang, Jae-Kean Ryu, Deuk-Young Nah, Tae-Ho Park, In-Ho Chae, Seung Woo Park, Hae-Young Lee, Seung-Jea Tahk, Young Won Yoon, Chi Young Shim…

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characterization of a novel formulation containing co-formulated interferons alpha-2b and gamma in healthy male volunteers

    More potent antitumor activity is desired in Interferon (IFN)-treated cancer patients. This could be achieved by combining IFN alpha and IFN gamma. The aim of this work was to characterize the pharmacokinetics...

    Idrian García-García, Ignacio Hernández-González, Alina Díaz-Machado, Carlos A. González-Delgado, Sonia Pérez-Rodríguez, Yanelda García-Vega, Rosario Campos-Mojena, Ángela D. Tuero-Iglesias, Carmen M. Valenzuela-Silva, Alieski Cruz-Ramírez, Alis Martín-Trujillo, Héctor Santana-Milián, Pedro A. López-Saura and Iraldo Bello-Rivero

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:58

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  11. Research article

    Quality of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy for malaria found in Ghanaian markets and public health implications of their use

    Ghana changed their antimalarial drug policy from monotherapies to Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies in 2004 in order to provide more efficacious medicines for treatment of malaria. The policy change can...

    Mathilda Tivura, Isaac Asante, Albert van Wyk, Stephaney Gyaase, Naiela Malik, Emmanuel Mahama, Dana M. Hostetler, Facundo M. Fernandez, Kwaku Poku Asante, Harparkash Kaur and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:48

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  12. Research article

    Dependence to legally prescribed opioid analgesics in a university hospital in Medellin-Colombia: an observational study

    In some countries the misuse and diversion of prescribed opioid analgesic is increasing considerably, but there is no official data regarding the situation in Colombia. The aim of this study was to identify al...

    Maria G. Garcia-Orjuela, Lineth Alarcon-Franco, Juan C. Sanchez-Fernandez, Yuli Agudelo and Andres F. Zuluaga

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:42

    Published on: 14 September 2016

  13. Research article

    Differential HbA1c response in the placebo arm of DPP-4 inhibitor clinical trials conducted in China compared to other countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    It has been observed that the efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors as compared to the placebo groups in some clinical trials conducted in China is weaker than that in trials conducted outside ...

    Lingyu He, Shu Liu, Chun Shan, Yingmei Tu, Zhengqing Li and Xiaohua Douglas Zhang

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:40

    Published on: 7 September 2016

  14. Research article

    Using Positive Deviance to reduce medication errors in a tertiary care hospital

    The number of medication errors occurring in healthcare is large and many are preventable. To analyze medication errors and evaluate whether Positive Deviance is effective in reducing them.

    Fabio Teixeira Ferracini, Alexandre R. Marra, Claudio Schvartsman, Oscar F. Pavão dos Santos, Elivane da Silva Victor, Neila Maria Marques Negrini, Wladimir Mendes Borges Filho and Michael B. Edmond

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:36

    Published on: 7 August 2016

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