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Table 2 Prevalence rates, proportions of overall prescribed medicines, proportion of self-medication and proportion of prescribed antibiotics to treat common colds (CCs) or upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) (n = 17,450)

From: Pharmacoepidemiology of common colds and upper respiratory tract infections in children and adolescents in Germany

  Prevalence rates Proportions of prescribed medicine Proportions of self-medication use Proportions of prescribed antibiotic
  n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
Gender
Boys 1255 14.0 (12.7, 15.3) 655 50.3 (47.1, 53.6) 688 56.4 (53.1, 59.6) 69 9.5 (7.5, 12.0)
Girls 1340 14.7 (13.5, 16.1) 685 49.8 (46.1, 53.5) 772 58.8 (55.4, 62.1) 97 13.6 (10.8, 17.0)
Age (years)
0 - 2 610 22.0 (19.9, 24.2) 416 66.1 (61.1, 70.7) 249 42.0 (37.1, 47.0) 32 6.1 (3.9, 9.5)
3 - 6 855 23.0 (20.9, 25.2) 473 55.4 (51.6, 59.1) 451 52.9 (48.8, 56.9) 53 11.0 (8.1, 14.7)
7 - 10 520 12.3 (10.8, 14.1) 223 42.4 (37.1, 47.8) 328 63.1 (58.6, 67.4) 29 9.8 (6.2, 15.0)
11 - 13 303 9.7 (8.3, 11.2) 118 38.9 (33.4, 44.7) 209 69.7 (63.5, 75.3) 24 18.9 (11.6, 29.1)
14 - 17 307 8.2 (7.1, 9.5) 110 34.2 (27.8, 41.1) 223 73.4 (67.3, 78.7) 28 24.8 (16.8, 35.0)
Region
East 834 13.3 (11.6, 15.2) 439 52.6 (46.8, 58.4) 468 57.1 (52.3, 61.8) 70 15.0 (11.9, 18.6)
West 1761 14.5 (13.3, 15.9) 901 49.6 (46.7, 52.5) 992 57.6 (54.8, 60.5) 96 10.9 (8.9, 13.3)
Immigration background
Yes 352 12.0 (11.2, 14.4) 225 63.0 (57.2, 68.4) 150 43.3 (38.3, 48.4) 39 18.2 (13.2, 24.5)
No 2229 14.6 (13.2, 15.5) 1108 47.7 (44.9, 50.5) 1305 60.2 (57.6, 62.9) 127 10.1 (8.3, 12.2)
Social status
Low 683 13.8 (12.8, 15.6) 408 57.6 (53.4, 61.7) 319 48.0 (44.0, 52.1) 53 12.3 (9.4, 15.9)
Intermediate 1151 13.9 (12.7, 15.2) 582 48.8 (45.1, 52.5) 669 59.7 (56.2, 63.0) 76 13.0 (10.0, 16.7)
High 712 16.0 (14.4, 17.6) 315 43.6 (39.6, 47.7) 456 64.4 (60.3, 68.4) 31 8.0 (5.3, 11.9)
Total 2595 14.3 (13.2, 15.5) 1340 50.1 (47.5, 52.7) 1460 57.6 (55.0, 60.1) 166 11.6 (9.8, 13.7)
  1. German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), 2003–2006.