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Table 2 Mark-ups of 20 most common sold antibiotics according to generic names

From: Antibiotic sales in rural and urban pharmacies in northern Vietnam: an observational study

Generic name Origin ATC code Unit/Content Unit price (USD) USD % Mark-up
Urban Rural
Amoxicillin Vietnam J01CA04 Tablet/500 mg 0.02 78 67
Amoxicillin India J01CA04 Tablet/500 mg 0.04 54 54
Amoxicillin Austria J01CA04 Tablet/500 mg 0.04 88 NA
Cephalexin Vietnam J01DA01 Tablet/500 mg 0.04 67 67
Cephalexin India J01DA01 Tablet/500 mg 0.05 58 58
Cephalexin France J01DA01 Tablet/500 mg 0.07 25 NA
Ampicillin Vietnam J01CA01 Tablet/500 mg 0.02 122 43
Ampicillin India J01CA01 Tablet/500 mg 0.03 100 40
Chloramphenicol Vietnam J01BA01 Tablet/250 mg 0.03 17 59
Cotrimoxazole Vietnam J01EC01 Tablet/480 mg 0.01 33 67
Metronidazole Vietnam J01XD01 Tablet/250 mg 0.01 82 150
Lincomycin Vietnam J01FF02 Tablet/500 mg 0.03 41 25
Penicillin Vietnam J01RA01 Tablet/1 MIU 0.02 60 50
Spiramycin Vietnam J01FA02 Tablet/0.75 MIU 0.04 43 29
Spiramycin France J01FA02 Tablet/0.75 MIU 0.14 68 21
Ciprofloxacin Vietnam J01MA02 Tablet/500 mg 0.02 233 186
Ciprofloxacin German J01MA02 Tablet/200 mg 0.65 33 NA
Erythromycin Vietnam J01FA01 Pack/250 mg 0.08 103 69
Erythromycin France J01FA01 Pack/250 mg 0.23 31 67
Azithromycin German J01FA10 Bottle/200 mg/5 ml 5.19 19 NA
Cefuroxime UK J01DA06 Tablet/500 mg 1.06 27 NA
Cefixime Bangladesh J01DA23 Pack/200 mg 0.20 49 NA
Amoxicillin+       
Acid clavulanic UK J01CR02 Pack/250 mg 0.37 62 NA
Roxythromycin India J01FA06 Tablet/150 mg 0.06 81 NA
Klarithromycin USA J01FA09 Tablet/250 mg 0.43 31 NA
Tobramycin Belgium J01GB01 Vial/0.3% 2.05 18 NA
Cefpodoxim India J01DA33 Tablet/100 mg 0.04 19 NA
Clindamycin India J01FF01 Tablet/300 mg 0.05 117 NA
  1. NA: Not available.