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Table 2 Factors associated with urine antibacterial activity

From: Prevalence and predictors of prior antibacterial use among patients presenting to hospitals in Northern Uganda

Variable Description Proportion with urine activity (n = 137) Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI) P-value
Patient age (years) 18–27 43 (31.4 %) 1.0 1.0 0.024
  28–37 38 (27.7 %) 2.15 (1.27–3.64) 2.20 (1.24–3.90)  
  38–47 32 (23.4 %) 2.37 (1.35–4.14) 2.23 (1.20–4.13)  
  48–57 13 (9.5 %) 2.25 (1.04–4.45) 2.45 (1.02–5.91)  
  58+ 11 (8.1 %) 1.74 (0.78–3.84) 2.02 (0.81–5.01)  
Duration of time of last drug intake prior to hospital visit Did not take any antibacterial 16 (11.7 %) 1.0 1.0 <0.0001
  Today 51 (37.2 %) 4.07 (2.09–7.92) 3.18 (1.44–7.00)  
  2–4 days ago 45 (32.8 %) 2.81 (1.45–5.45) 1.81 (0.82–4.03)  
  5–7 days ago 1 (0.7 %) 0.25 (0.03–2.05) 0.16 (0.02–1.37)  
  8–30 days ago 18 (13.1 %) 1.92 (0.86–4.27) 1.40 (0.55–3.55)  
  Do not remember 16 (11.7 %) 0.51 (0.20–1.26) 0.41 (0.16–1.08)  
Duration of time between first illness onset and hospital visit Today 3 (2.2 %) 1.0 1.0 0.027
  2 days ago 5 (3.6 %) 0.21 (0.04–1.12) 0.1 (0.08–0.57)  
  A week ago 36 (26.3 %) 2.1 (0.31–4.2) 1.03 (0.25–4.2)  
  More than a week 93 (67.9 %) 2.4 (0.47–6.0) 1.89 (0.38–5.1)  
Used more than one type of drug at home prior to hospital visit No 12 (9.8 %) 1.0 1.0 0.05
  Yes 61 (44.5 %) 2.46 (1.63–3.71) 1.6 (0.9–2.7)  
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval