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Table 1 Trends in prevalence of analgesic use in Germany between German Health Interview and Examination Surveys GNHIES98 and DEGS1

From: Prevalence, trends, patterns and associations of analgesic use in Germany

Study subjects Overall analgesic use OTC analgesic use only Prescription analgesic use only OTC and prescription analgesic use
GNHIES98 n = 7099 GNHIES98 DEGS1 GNHIES98 DEGS1 GNHIES98 DEGS1 GNHIES98 DEGS1
DEGS1 n = 7091 n = 1311e n = 1490e n = 696 n = 805 n = 524 n = 583 n = 36 n = 66
  Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI)
Total 19.2 (18.1–20.3) 21.4 (20.1–22.6) 10.0 (9.2–10.8) 12.2 (11.2–13.2) 7.9 (7.1–8.7) 7.9 (7.1–8.7) 0.5 (0.4–0.8) 0.9 (0.6–1.2)
Gender         
 Men 16.1 (14.7–17.6) 17.6 (16.0–19.3) 8.2 (7.2–9.3) 9.4 (8.2–10.8) 7.0 (6.0–8.1) 7.2 (6.1–8.4) 0.3 (0.1–0.5) 0.4 (0.2–0.8)
 Women 22.3 (20.7–23.9) 25.1 (23.4–27.0) 11.8 (10.6–13.1) 14.9 (13.5–16.5) 8.8 (7.7–10.0) 8.5 (7.5–9.7) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 1.3 (0.9–1.8)
Age groups, years         
 18–29 17.7 (15.3–20.4) 19.5 (16.8–22.5) 13.2 (11.1–15.6) 14.8 (12.5–17.6) 2.9 (2.0–4.2) 3.2 (2.2–4.7) 0.1 (0.0–0.5) 0.7 (0.3–1.8)
 30–44 19.1 (17.3–21.2) 23.8 (21.2–26.7) 13.3 (11.7–15.1) 16.4 (14.2–18.9) 4.6 (3.7–5.8) 6.8 (5.3–8.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.3 (0.2–0.7)
 45–64 19.4 (17.7–21.3) 21.6 (19.7–23.7) 9.4 (8.1–10.8) 12.0 (10.5–13.7) 8.4 (7.2–9.7) 8.3 (7.0–9.7) 1.0 (0.6–1.5) 0.8 (0.4–1.3)
 65+ 20.2 (17.5–23.2) 19.5 (17.3–22.0) 3.7 (2.6–5.3) 4.5 (3.5–5.8) 15.8 (13.3–18.5) 12.8 (10.9–15.0) 0.4 (0.1–1.4) 1.9 (1.2–3.0)
Socio-economic status        
 Low 19.3 (16.7–22.2) 24.2 (21.3–27.4) 7.1 (5.6–9.0) 11.4 (9.3–13.9) 10.2 (8.2–12.6) 10.8 (8.9–13.2) 0.8 (0.3–1.8) 1.3 (0.7–2.6)
 Medium 19.5 (18.1–21.0) 20.9 (19.4–22.5) 10.1 (9.1–11.3) 12.0 (10.8–13.3) 8.1 (7.2–9.2) 7.6 (6.7–8.7) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.8 (0.5–1.2)
 High 18.7 (16.5–21.1) 19.7 (17.3–22.4) 12.6 (10.7–14.6) 13.1 (11.1–15.4) 4.9 (3.8–6.4) 5.5 (4.2–7.1) 0.8 (0.4–1.5) 0.7 (0.4–1.2)
Municipality size        
 Rurala 16.3 (14.4–18.5) 20.1 (17.5–23.1) 7.8 (6.4–9.4) 10.9 (8.9–13.2) 7.8 (6.4–9.5) 8.0 (6.3–10.2) 0.4 (0.2–1.0) 0.8 (0.4–1.7)
 Small townb 16.8 (14.7–19.1) 19.5 (17.3–21.9) 7.7 (6.4–9.3) 9.9 (8.3–11.7) 7.4 (6.0–9.2) 8.3 (6.8–10.1) 0.3 (0.1–0.9) 1.0 (0.5–1.9)
 Townc 20.3 (18.3–22.6) 22.0 (19.9–24.3) 10.9 (9.3–12.6) 13.2 (11.4–15.2) 8.3 (6.9–10.0) 7.2 (5.9–8.6) 0.5 (0.2–0.9) 1.2 (0.7–1.9)
 Cityd 21.4 (19.4–23.6) 22.8 (20.5–25.4) 12.0 (10.4–13.7) 13.6 (11.7–15.8) 7.8 (6.5–9.4) 8.1 (6.7–9.8) 0.8 (0.5–1.5) 0.5 (0.3–0.9)
  1. Bold text denotes statistical significance (p < 0.05) when comparing GNHIES98 with DEGS1
  2. a = <5000 inhabitants. b = 5000 to <20,000 inhabitants. c = 20,000 to <100,000 inhabitants. d = ≥100,000 inhabitants
  3. eAnalgesics of unknown origin in GNHIES98 (n = 55) and in DEGS1 (n = 36)