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Table 4 Number of patients prescribed drugs and percentages of irrational prescriptions according to clinical and demographic characteristics (n = 853)

From: Drug use in children hospitalized with cardio-rheumatologic diseases in Andijan, Uzbekistan: a cross-sectional descriptive study

Characteristics NSAIDsa SAIDsb Vitamins-microelements Anti-biotics Anti-histamines Broncho-dilators Diuretics Anti-spasmodics Cardiovascular drugs Other drugs
Gender           
 Male 184 (33) 111 (23) 371 (19) 303 (58) 202 (15) 21 (4) 168 (17) 18 (3) 299 (55) 175 (24)
 Female 165 (37) 90 (23) 315 (18) 229 (52) 177 (13) 21 (4) 142 (15) 14 (2) 243 (57) 152 (28)
Residence           
 Urban 70 (39) 32 (19) 122 (14) 102 (55) 86 (14) 10 (4) 42 (10) 5 (1) 84 (49) 62 (27)
 Rural 279 (34) 169 (23) 564 (19) 430 (55) 293 (15) 32 (4) 268 (17) 27 (3) 458 (58) 265 (26)
Age (years)           
  ≤ 1 54 (18) 93 (50) 137 (7) 162 (78) 71 (29) 15 (7) 83 (9) 17 (6) 140 (76) 65 (25)
 2–3 64 (32) 48 (28) 140 (19) 123 (68) 64 (12) 15 (7) 78 (16) 4 (2) 130 (71) 57 (21)
 4–6 85 (38) 16 (7) 167 (21) 115 (51) 101 (19) 8 (4) 76 (16) 1 (1) 129 (56) 61 (22)
 7–11 80 (42) 30 (17) 141 (23) 87 (44) 81 (5) 4 (2) 50 (22) 3 (2) 92 (41) 80 (32)
 12–15 66 (49) 14 (10) 101 (22) 45 (30) 62 (3) 0 23 (16) 7 (2) 51 (31) 64 (30)
Length of hospitalization (days)           
 1–7 150 (33) 75 (18) 326 (17) 253 (54) 174 (15) 15 (3) 153 (14) 8 (1) 266 (59) 136 (22)
  ≥ 8 199 (37) 126 (27) 360 (20) 279 (56) 205 (14) 27 (5) 157 (17) 24 (4) 276 (54) 191 (30)
Diagnosis           
Congenital heart diseases           
 Surgical + medical 29 (11) 23 (14) 121 (24) 95 (58) 58 (15) 7 (4) 68 (19) 7 (3) 102 (54) 72 (34)
 Medical 164 (26) 121 (23) 432 (20) 333 (59) 199 (20) 30 (5) 233 (20) 14 (2) 427 (78) 186 (26)
Acquired cardiovascular diseases           
 Medical 191 (25) 158 (26) 520 (20) 394 (59) 218 (16) 34 (4) 294 (22) 27 (3) 503 (77) 243 (29)
Rheumatic diseases           
 Medical 126 (64) 39 (19) 125 (15) 90 (42) 112 (7) 3 (1) 23 (5) 5 (2) 48 (22) 76 (27)
Weight (kg)           
  ≤ 10 72 (18) 117 (46) 191 (10) 215 (76) 95 (28) 21 (6) 111 (9) 17 (5) 196 (77) 83 (23)
 11–19 130 (39) 45 (15) 249 (21) 179 (57) 134 (14) 18 (6) 126 (15) 4 (1) 202 (60) 101 (22)
  ≥ 20 147 (44) 39 (12) 246 (23) 138 (38) 150 (4) 3 (1) 73 (21) 11 (2) 144 (37) 143 (32)
Number of prescribed drugs           
 1–4 124 (39) 32 (10) 189 (11) 139 (39) 119 (8) 7 (2) 41 (7) 3 (1) 112 (31) 77 (13)
 5 85 (36) 29 (14) 185 (22) 115 (46) 82 (14) 7 (3) 86 (19) 2 (1) 153 (66) 75 (25)
 6 62 (29) 47 (26) 158 (21) 133 (68) 95 (21) 8 (3) 88 (24) 6 (3) 146 (75) 71 (31)
 7–14 78 (33) 93 (53) 154 (26) 145 (81) 83 (20) 20 (10) 95 (18) 21 (8) 131 (69) 104 (45)
  1. Each value in parenthesis represents the percentage of patients with irrational drug prescriptions in each subgroup. Values in bold type indicate a significant difference (Chi-square test, P < 0.01) among the proportions of patients in the category receiving an irrational drug
  2. aNon-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
  3. bSteroid anti-inflammatory drugs