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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Presentations due to acute toxicity of psychoactive substances in an urban emergency department in Switzerland: a case series

  Number of cases, N = 210 (%)
Male 154 (73)
Female 56 (27)
Age (years)
 ≤20 36 (17)
 21–30 64 (30)
 31–40 57 (27)
 >40 53 (25)
Time of presentation
 Night arrival (20:00 – 8:00 h) 107 (51)
 Weekend arrival (Friday 17:00 h – Monday 8:00 h) 109 (52)
Ethanol co-ingested (self-reported)
 Yes 101 (48)
 No 12 (6)
 Not known 97 (46)
Self-reported drug use
 1 substance 146 (70)
 >1 substances 51 (24)
 No drug use 3 (1)
 No information available (e.g. coma, incooperative) 10 (5)
Laboratory-confirmed drug use
 1 substance 55 (26)
 >1 substances 72 (34)
 Negative test (absence or insufficient test sensitivity) 9 (4)
 No drug test performed 74 (35)