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Table 3 Reasons reported for Not Stocking Antidotes in Lebanese hospitals

From: National study on the adequacy of antidotes stocking in Lebanese hospitals providing emergency care

Antidote Percentage
Available in a nearby hospital (N=13)
 Magnesium 100
 Sodium bicarbonate 100
 Vitamin K 100
 Naloxone 75.0
 Protamine sulfate 50.0
 NAC 42.8
 Fomepizole 37.5
 Folic acid 35.7
 Glucagon 35.5
 Pralidoxime 35.0
 Leucovorin 33.3
 Hydroxycobalamin 29.2
 Ethanol 32.1
Alternative can be used (N=8)
 Activated charcoal 61.5
 Calcium chloride 54.2
 D50W 52.3
 Dimercaprol 44.0
 EDTA 40.4
 Prostigmine 33.3
 PEG solution 30.4
 Isoproterenol 30.0
Not available in the market (N=6)
 Cholestyramine 42.3
 Cyanide Kit 36.2
 Digoxin immune F 43.2
 Pyridoxine 39.5
 Sodium nitrate 43.8
 Sodium thiosulfate 39.2
Expensive (N=3)
 Flumazenil 40.0
 Deferoxamine 29.2
 Octeotride 25.7
Available in another place within hospital (N=2)
 Insulin 66.6
 Methylene blue 37.5
  1. PEG polyethylene glycol electrolyte, D50W dextrose 50 % in water, NAC N-acetylcysteine, EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid