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Table 2 Psychotropic drug use at baseline

From: Psychotropic drug use and mortality in old people with dementia: investigating sex differences

ATC-code Drug group Total Men Women
   n = 1037 n = 268 n = 769
N05A-(N05AN01) + N05BB01 + N05CM06 + R06AD Antipsychotics and related (incl. PRN) 230 (22) 54 (20) 176 (23)
N05A-(N05AN01) + N05BB01 + N05CM06 + R06AD Antipsychotics and related (excl. PRN) 219 (21) 51 (19) 168 (22)
N05A-(N05AN01) Antipsychotics (incl. PRN) 175 (17) 37 (14) 138 (18)
N05A-(N05AN01) Antipsychotics (excl. PRN) 168 (16) 36 (13) 132 (17)
N05BB01 + N05CM06 + R06AD Drugs related to antipsychotics (incl. PRN) 72 (7) 20 (7) 52 (7)
N05BB01 + N05CM06 + R06AD Drugs related to antipsychotics (excl. PRN) 67 (6) 18 (7) 49 (6)
  Typical antipsychotics (incl. PRN) 53 (5) 12 (4) 41 (5)
  Typical antipsychotics (excl. PRN) 45 (4) 9 (3) 36 (5)
  Atypical antipsychotics (incl. PRN) 135 (13) 30 (11) 105 (14)
  Atypical antipsychotics (excl. PRN) 132 (13) 30 (11) 102 (13)
N06A Antidepressants (No PRN use) 388 (37) 94 (35) 294 (38)
N06AA Tricyclic antidepressants 14 (1) 3 (1) 11 (1)
N06AB SSRIs 299 (29) 81 (30) 218 (28)
N06AG MAO-inhibitors 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0)
N06AX Other antidepressants 115 (11) 20 (7) 95 (12)*
N06AX03 + N06AX11 Tetracyclic antidepressants 89 (9) 17 (6) 72 (9)
N06AX16 + N06AX21 SNRIs 28 (3) 3 (1) 25 (3)
N05BA + N05CD + N05CF + N03AE BZD and Z-drugs (including PRN) 404 (39) 87 (32) 317 (41)*
N05BA + N05CD + N05CF + N03AE BZD and Z-drugs (excluding PRN) 304 (29) 60 (22) 244 (32)*
N05BA Anxiolytics (incl. PRN) 161 (16) 26 (10) 135 (18)*
N05BA Anxiolytics (excl. PRN) 99 (10) 14 (5) 85 (11)*
N05CD + N05CF Hypnotics, BZD and Z-drugs (incl. PRN) 312 (30) 69 (26) 243 (32)
N05CD + N05CF Hypnotics, BZD and Z-drugs (excl. PRN) 250 (24) 52 (19) 198 (26)*
N05CD Hypnotics, BZD (incl. PRN) 74 (7) 20 (7) 54 (7)
N05CD Hypnotics, BZD (excl. PRN) 64 (6) 16 (6) 48 (6)
N05CF Hypnotics, Z-drugs (incl. PRN) 239 (23) 50 (19) 189 (25)*
N05CF Hypnotics, Z-drugs (excl. PRN) 186 (18) 36 (13) 150 (20)*
N03AE BZD derivatives (incl. PRN) 6 (1) 2 (1) 4 (1)
N03AE BZD derivatives (excl. PRN) 5 (0) 1 (0) 4 (1)
  Any psychotropic drug 659 (64) 159 (59) 500 (65)
  BZD and antidepressants 186 (18) 38 (14) 148 (19)
  BZD and antipsychotics 129 (12) 25 (9) 104 (14)
  Antidepressants and antipsychotics 113 (11) 24 (9) 89 (12)
  BZD, antidepressants and antipsychotics 65 (6) 11 (4) 54 (7)
  1. Notes: Results are presented as number (%). Significant sex differences are marked with * (p < 0.05). The results of combinations of psychotropic drugs include drugs related to antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. PRN Pro Re Nata (when needed), SSRIs Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, MAO Monoamine Oxidase, SNRIs Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors, BZD Benzodiazepines