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Table 1 Prescription of PIMs among people with ID and from the general population

From: Prescription of potentially inappropriate medications among older people with intellectual disability: a register study

   Yearly % with prescription Number of years with prescription [n (%)] Median (range)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 All Women Men
At least one gPop 27–28 1822 (35) 1093 (21) 678 (13) 501 (9) 366 (7) 352 (7) 465 (9) n = 5277 2 (1–4) n = 2477 2 (1–4) n = 2800 2 (1–4)
ID 50–52 997 (17) 565 (10) 359 (6) 310 (5) 268 (5) 371 (6) 2921 (50) n = 5791 7 (2–7) n = 2635 6 (2–7) n = 3156 7 (2–7)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Anticholinergics gPop 4–6 639 (51) 218 (18) 110 (9) 82 (7) 77 (6) 57 (5) 61 (5) n = 1244 1 (1–3) n = 482 1 (1–2) n = 762 2 (1–3)
ID 9–12 545 (33) 216 (13) 180 (11) 127 (8) 106 (6) 124 (7) 372 (22) n = 1670 3 (1–6) n = 655 3 (1–6) n = 1015 3 (1–6)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Benzodiazepines gPop 2–3 200 (47) 58 (14) 26 (6) 18 (4) 25 (6) 33 (8) 63 (15) n = 423 2 (1–5) n = 244 2 (1–5) n = 179 2 (1–5)
ID 9–11 548 (34) 252 (16) 132 (8) 106 (7) 75 (5) 84 (5) 412 (26) n = 1609 3 (1–7) n = 722 2 (1–6) n = 887 3 (1–7)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   0.006   <0.001
NSAIDsa gPop 16–19 1961 (45) 969 (22) 582 (13) 361 (8) 228 (5) 164 (4) 107 (2) n = 4372 2 (1–3) n = 2092 2 (1–3) n = 2280 2 (1–3)
ID 9–10 1422 (54) 519 (20) 259 (10) 180 (7) 87 (3) 81 (3) 80 (3) n = 2628 1 (1–3) n = 1331 1 (1–3) n = 1297 1 (1–2)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Propiomazine gPop 2–3 369 (54) 104 (15) 58 (9) 28 (4) 38 (6) 36 (5) 46 (7) n = 679 1 (1–3) n = 361 1 (1–3) n = 318 1 (1–3)
ID 7–9 344 (29) 159 (14) 101 (9) 93 (8) 85 (7) 87 (7) 306 (26) n = 1175 3 (1–7) n = 536 3 (1–7) n = 639 3 (1–7)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Tramadol gPop 4–5 973 (65) 245 (16) 94 (6) 50 (3) 46 (3) 41 (3) 40 (3) n = 1489 1 (1–2) n = 747 1 (1–2) n = 742 1 (1–2)
ID 3–3 585 (63) 150 (16) 62 (7) 42 (5) 38 (4) 17 (2) 33 (4) n = 927 1 (1–2) n = 488 1 (1–2) n = 439 1 (1–2)
ID vs gPop   0.187   0.286   0.476
Antipsychotics (excluding lithium) gPop 1–1 88 (37) 43 (18) 21 (9) 8 (3) 16 (7) 13 (6) 46 (20) n = 235 2 (1–6) n = 116 2 (1–5) n = 119 2 (1–6)
ID 34–34 217 (7) 140 (4) 94 (3) 93 (3) 108 (3) 194 (6) 2270 (73) n = 3116 7 (6–7) n = 1337 7 (6–7) n = 1779 7 (6–7)
ID vs gPop   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
  1. Number of years with prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) among 7936 people with intellectual disability (ID) and a sample from the general population (gPop) one-to-one matched on sex and age
  2. aNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs