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Table 6 Adverse drug events with respect to class of prescribed antibiotics (N = 486)

From: Causality and preventability assessment of adverse drug events of antibiotics among inpatients having different lengths of hospital stay: a multicenter, cross-sectional study in Lahore, Pakistan

Antibiotics ATC code Definitely preventable ADEs Probably preventable ADEs Non-preventable ADEs
Long LOS, N = 171, n (%) Short LOS, N = 41, n (%) Total, N = 212, n (%) Long LOS, N = 56, n (%) Short LOS, N = 16, n (%) Total, N = 72,
n (%)
Long LOS, N = 156, n (%) Short LOS, N = 46, n (%) Total, N = 202, n (%)
β - Lactams
 Penicillins J01C 25 (14.6) 0 (0.0) 25 (11.8) 9 (16.1) 0 (0.0) 9 (12.5) 28 (17.9) 0 (0.0) 28 (13.9)
 Carbapenem J01DH 11 (6.4) 7 (17.1) 18 (8.5) 2 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.8) 12 (7.7) 2 (4.4) 14 (6.9)
 Cephalosporins J01D 26 (15.2) 5 (12.2) 31 (14.6) 6 (10.7) 0 (0.0) 6 (8.3) 19 (12.2) 10 (21.7) 29 (14.4)
Total β – Lactams 62 (36.2) 12 (29.3) 74 (34.9) 17 (30.4) 0 (0.0) 17 (23.6) 59 (37.8) 12 (26.1) 71 (35.2)
Non- β Lactams
 Flouroquinolones J01 M 18 (10.5) 3 (7.3) 21 (9.9) 7 (12.5) 6 (37.5) 13 (18.1) 19 (12.2) 8 (17.4) 27 (13.4)
 Aminoglycosides J01G 13 (7.6) 3 (7.3) 16 (7.6) 6 (10.7) 0 (0.0) 6 (8.3) 13 (8.3) 2 (4.4) 15 (7.4)
 Tetracyclines J01AA 12 (7.0) 1 (2.4) 13 (6.1) 5 (8.9) 3 (18.8) 8 (11.1) 12 (7.7) 3 (6.5) 15 (7.4)
 Macrolides J01FA 27 (15.8) 4 (9.8) 31 (14.6) 4 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 4 (5.6) 25 (16.0) 1 (2.2) 26 (12.9)
 Lincosamide J01FF 4 (2.3) 1 (2.4) 5 (2.4) 10 (17.8) 0 (0.0) 10 (13.9) 7 (4.5) 4 (8.7) 11 (5.5)
 Glycopeptide J01XA 9 (5.3) 8 (19.5) 17 (8.0) 2 (3.6) 2 (12.5) 4 (5.6) 8 (5.1) 8 (17.4) 16 (7.9)
 Oxazolidones J01XX 13 (7.6) 3 (7.3) 16 (7.6) 1 (1.8) 3 (18.8) 4 (5.6) 6 (3.9) 3 (6.5) 9 (4.5)
 Imidazole derivatives G01AF 13 (7.6) 6 (14.6) 19 (8.9) 4 (7.1) 2 (12.5) 6 (8.3) 7 (4.5) 5 (10.9) 12 (5.9)
Total Non β – Lactams 109 (63.7) 29 (70.7) 138(65.1) 39 (69.6) 16(100.0) 55 (76.4) 97 (62.2) 34 (73.9) 131(64.9)
  1. ATC Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, ADEs Adverse drug events, LOS Length of stay