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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study participants (n = 160)

From: Survivability of hospitalized chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with moderate to severe estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after experiencing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in a public healthcare center: a retrospective 3 year study

Characteristics n (%) Survived (n = 132) Died (n = 28)
Demographics
Age
  ≤ 49 years 41 (25.6) 34 (21.3) 7(4.4)
 50–59 years 40 (25.0) 32(20.0) 8(5.0)
  ≥ 60 years 79 (49.4) 66(41.3) 13(8.1)
Gender
 Male 92 (57.5) 77(48.1) 15(9.4)
 Female 68 (42.5) 55(34.4) 13(8.1)
Ethnicity
 Malay 52 (32.5) 44(27.5) 8(5.0)
 Chinese 68 (42.5) 57(35.6) 11(6.9)
 Indian 36 (25.0) 27(18.1) 9(5.6)
 Currently or previously smoking 41 (25.6) 34(21.3) 7(4.4)
 Currently or previously consumed alcohol 23(14.4) 19(11.9) 4(2.5)
Renal Replacement Therapy
 Haemodialysis 61 (38.1) 52(32.5) 9(5.6)
 Peritoneal dialysis 12 (7.5) 10(6.3) 2(1.3)
 Conservative management 87 (54.4) 70(43.8) 17(10.6)
Renal Function
 30–59 mL/min/1.73m2 49 (30.6) 46(28.7) 3(1.9)
 15–29 mL/min/1.73m2 29 (18.1) 22(13.8) 7(4.4)
  < 15 mL/min/1.73m2 82 (51.2) 64(40.0) 18(11.3)