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Table 5 Survivability of the CKD patients after ADR event

From: Survivability of hospitalized chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with moderate to severe estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after experiencing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in a public healthcare center: a retrospective 3 year study

Variables Number of Patients Number of Events Survivalibility (%) Comparison p -valuea
n n 3 days 6 days 9 days 12 days 15 days 18 days   
Overall Survivalibility 160 28 96.7 94.2 87.7 86.4 86.4 85.0   
Age category 0.927
  ≤ 49 years 41 7 95.1 95.1 95.1 91.3 86.2 86.2   
 50–59 years 40 8 97.1 97.1 97.1 85.6 85.6 85.6   
  ≥ 60 years 79 13 97.3 92.5 84.2 84.2 84.2 84.2   
Gender 0.787
 Male 92 15 96.6 96.6 91.3 84.7 84.7 84.7   
 Female 68 13 96.9 91.1 88.7 88.7 85.5 85.5   
Ethnicity 0.796
 Malay 52 8 97.8 97.8 97.8 90.4 86.1 86.1   
 Chinese 68 11 96.8 90.6 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0   
 Indian 38 9 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7   
BMI category 0.206
 Underweight 17 3 93.3 93.3 84.0 84.0 63.0 63.0   
 Normal 69 11 94.0 92.0 92.0 92.0 92.0 92.0   
 Overweight 54 11 100.0 94.7 85.3 77.9 73.0 73.0   
 Obese 20 3 100.0 100.0 100.0 93.8 93.8 93.8   
Smoking 0.943
 No 119 21 97.3 95.2 89.9 86.5 84.5 84.5   
 Yes 41 7 95.1 91.2 91.2 86.6 86.6 86.6   
Alcohol consumption 0.647
 No 137 24 96.9 94.0 87.7 86.2 84.5 84.5   
 Yes 23 4 95.7 95.7 95.7 87.7 87.7 87.7   
Renal replacement therapy 0.050
 a. Hemodialysis 61 9 100.0 100.0 97.8 94.9 94.9 94.9 a vs b 0.874
 b. Peritoneal dialysis 12 2 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 a vs c 0.019
 c. Conservative management 87 17 95.2 90.1 83.6 78.4 75.1 75.1 b vs c 0.293
Renal function 0.347
 30–59 mL/min/1.73m2 49 3 100.0 100.0 100.0 87.4 87.4 87.4   
 15–29 mL/min/1.73m2 29 7 93.0 93.0 82.6 76.7 69.8 69.8   
  < 15 mL/min/1.73m2 82 18 96.2 92.0 88.6 88.6 88.6 88.6   
  1. Note: asurvival analysis using Kaplan-Meier