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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included for systematic review and Meta analysis

From: Epidemiology of self-medication in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Region Study area Author Publication year Study design Study Population Sample size Event Prev (%) Event rate SE
Oromia Nekemte town Sado et al. [19] 2017 CS health professionals 154 104 67.5 0.675 0.17
Sire town Jaleta et al. [20] 2016 CS urban dwellers 243 66 27.16 0.272 0.14
Jimma University Angamo and Wabe [21] 2011 CS Medical science students 403 95 23.6 0.236 0.12
JUSH Befkadu et al [22] 2014 CS Pregnant women 303 61 20.1 0.201 0.14
Assendabo town Suleman et al [23] 2009 CS Urban residents 143 56 39 0.390 0.17
Arsi University Bekele et al. [24] 2016 CS Health science students 388 299 77.1 0.771 0.12
Jimma town Worku & G/mariam [25] 2003 CS Urban residents 152 42 27.6 0.276 0.18
Jimma town Ararsa ad Bekele [26] 2015 CS Private Pharmacy clients 312 242 77.57 0.776 0.14
Limmu Genet Bekele et al. [18] 2018 CS Urban residents 304 237 78.1 0.781 0.14
Amhara University of Gondar Abay and Amelo [27] 2010 CS Medical and health Science students 213 82 38.5 0.385 0.14
University of Gondar Gelaye [28] 2017 CS Social science students 385 126 32.7 0.327 .11
Debre Markos University Dilie et al. [29] 2017 CS Health science students 250 146 58.4 0.584 0.13
Kolladiba town Abrha et al. [30] 2014 CS Heads of households 261 164 62.8 0.628 0.13
Dessie town Baye and Sada [31] 2018 CS Urban dwellers 370 157 42.4 0.424 0.11
Gondar, Kolladiba and Debark Abula and Worku [17] 2001 CS Urban dwellers 1190 324 27.22 0.272 0.07
Bahirdar Abeje et al. [32] 2015 CS Pregnant mothers 356 128 36 0.360 0.11
Bahirdar Gebeyehu [33] 2015 CS Urban residents 388 70 18 0.180 0.13
Bahirdar Mihrete [35]   CS Urban residents 595 76 12.8 0.128 0.12
Meket (North Wollo) Kassie et al. [34] 2018 CS Inhabitants of the district 722 259 35.9 0.359 0.08
SNNPR Butagira Gedif and Hahn [16] 2003 CS Mothers 136 17 12.5 0.125 0.26
Werabe Mossa et al. [41] 2012 CS Heads of house holds 225 78 34.6 0.346 0.14
Tigray Mekele University Eticha [39] 2014 CS Adi-haqi campus students 407 181 44.5 0.445 0.10
Mekele University Gutema et al. [40] 2011 CS Health science students 148 64 43.24 0.432 0.17
Addis Ababa Addis Ababa Shafie et al. [37] 2018 CS Urban residents 604 456 75.5 0.755 0.09
Addis Ababa Gedif and Hahn [36] 2002 CS Heads of households 254 94 37 0.370 0.13
Rift Valley University Beyene et al. [38] 2017 CS Pharmacy students 443 334 75.39 0.754 0.11
Harari Harar Health Science College Hailemichael et al. [42] 2016 CS Health science students 237 147 62 0.620 0.13
Total 9586 4105  
  1. CS cross-sectional, Prev prevalence, SE standard error, JUSH Jimma University Specialized Hospital, SNNPR Southern nations, nationalities and peoples region