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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies describing the magnitude of culture positive wound samples and microbial profiles of clinical relevant bacterial isolates in Ethiopia (2000–2018)

From: Microbial epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of wound infection in Ethiopia: a meta-analysis of laboratory-based cross-sectional studies

Studies Year of publication Study setting Total patients (M/F ratio) Study characteristics Wound samples Culture positive No of isolates Gram-positive Gram -negative
S. aureus CoNS E. coli P. aeruginosa K. pneumoniae P. mirabilis
Abraham and Wamisho [41] 2009 TASH, AA 191 (158/33) Fracture in-and outpatients 200 196 162 24 12 17 16 12 6
Alebachew et al. [42] 2012 Yekatit 12 hospital 114 (58/56) Burn in-and outpatients 114 95 114 65 ND ND ND ND ND
Asres et al. [24] 2017 TASH, AA 197 (118/79) Postoperative in-and outpatients 197 149 168 56 19 24 8 15 2
Azene et al. [33] 2011 Dessie regional laboratory 12599 (368/231) Outpatients with any wound 599 422 500 208 9 82 92 12 55
Bitew et al. [34] 2018 Arsho medical laboratory 366 (213/153) Both in-and Patients with wound 366 271 271 110 11 49 14 12 7
Desalegn et al. [25] 2014 Hawassa TRH 194 (116/78) Post-surgical in and outpatients 194 138 177 66 6 45 18 24 18
Dessie et al. [31] 2016 St. Paul and Yekatit 12 hosp. 107 (56/51) Surgical inpatients 107 90 104 19 4 24 6 10 1
Gelaw et al. [26] 2014 UoG TH 42 (27/15) Surgical inpatients 142 42 49 11 4 6 3 10 9
Godebo et al. [35] 2013 JUSH NS Out/inpatients with wound 322 310 384 73 14 30 74 46 107
Guta et al. [27] 2014 HUTRH 100 (37/63) Surgical inpatients 100 92 177 45 26 30 16 32 12
Hailu et al. [36] 2016 Bahir Dar RHRL 234 (131/103) Both in-and outpatients with wound 380 234 234 100 ND 33 26 20 22
Kahsay et al. [28] 2014 DMRH 184 (61/123) Surgical inpatients 184 73 184 72 ND ND ND ND ND
Kiflie et al. [32] 2018 UoG TH 107 (0/107 Women with cesarean section or episiotomy 107 90 101 42 13 20 1 14 1
Lema et al. [44] 2012 Selected Hospitals, AA 245 (157/88) In-and outpatients with leprosy 245 222 298 68 18 14 7 2 47
Mama et al. [37] 2014 JUSH 150 (107/43) In/outpatients with wound 150 131 145 47 21 29 11 14 23
Mengesha et al. [29] 2014 Ayder TRH 128 (98/30) Surgical inpatients 128 96 123 40 18 6 11 29 15
Mohammed et al. [38] 2014 UoG RH 137 (81/56) In/outpatients with wound 137 115 136 39 17 8 8 17 6
Mulu et al. [39] 2006 UoGTH NS In/outpatients with wound 151 79 79 51 ND 8 ND 7 3
Mulu et al. [40] 2017 DMRH 238 (NS) In/outpatients with wound 238 115 90 70 ND 5 6 1 3
Sewnet et al. [43] 2013 Yekatit 12 hospital 50 (30/20) In/outpatients with burn case 50 21 47 16 6 ND 15 1 4
Tekie [30] 2008 TASH 173 (97/76) Outpatients with surgical wound 173 31 55 14 11 7 8 4 2
Total 4284 3012 3598  
  1. M Male, F Female, CoNS Coagulase negative Staphylococci, ND Not determined, JUSH Jimma University Specialized Hospital, UoGTH University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, CS Cross-sectional, R Retrospective, TASH Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, AA Addis Ababa, DMRH Debre Markos Referral Hospital, NS Not specified