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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients with carbamazepine intoxication. Continuous variables are presented as average ± SEM, ordinal variables are presented as number and percentage

From: The effect of multidrug exposure on neurological manifestations in carbamazepine intoxication: a nested case-control study

  All patients Neurological Symptoms  
  (n = 80) Non-Severe (n = 70) Severe (n = 10) p-value*
Age (Years) 43.4 ± 2.0 45.2 ± 2.1 30.0 ± 3.5 0.00
Gender (% female) 38 (47.5) 32 (45.7) 4 (40) 0.39
Ethnicity:     0.03
 Arab 25 (31.3) 24 (34.3) 1 (10)  
 Jews 54 (67.5) 46 (66.7) 8 (80)  
 Others 1 (1.3) 0 1 (10)  
 Smokers 6 (7.5) 6 (8.9) 0 (0) 0.196
Chronic Carbamazepine users 67 (83.8) 59 (84.3) 8 (80) 0.32
Indications for carbamazepine:
 Epileptic seizures 50 (62.5) 47 (67.1) 4 (40) 0.09
 Psychiatric disorder 27 (33.7) 20 (28.5) 7 (70) 0.013
 Neuropathic pain 4 (5) 4 (5.7) 0 (0) 0.29
 Othersa 5 (6.2) 5 (7.1) 0 (0)  
  1. *P-value was calculated by t-tests for continuous variables and Chi-square test for ordinal variables
  2. aOthers- primary sclerosis, psychomotor retardation and accidental ingestion