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Table 7 Mixed effects model results for selected congenital anomalies

From: Broad Spectrum epidemiological contribution of cannabis and other substances to the teratological profile of northern New South Wales: geospatial and causal inference analysis

Parameter Estimate (95%C.I.) P-Value
Cardiovascular
Atrial_Septal_Defect
  Cannabis 0.053 (0.011, 0.096) 0.0280
PDA
  Cannabis 0.039 (− 0.004, 0.082) 0.0974
Tetralogy_Fallot
  Cannabis 0.079 (0.024, 0.133) 0.0135
GIT
  Cigarettes: Alcohol: Cannabis 0.022 (0.004, 0.041) 0.0362
  Cigarettes 0.759 (0.064, 1.455) 0.0581
  Cigarettes: Alcohol −0.219 (−0.424, − 0.013) 0.0637
  Cigarettes: Cannabis −0.082 (− 0.145, − 0.019) 0.0285
Small_Intestinal_Stenosis_Atresia
  Alcohol: Cannabis 0.02 (0.008, 0.032) 0.0059
GUT_Defects
  Cigarettes 0.278 (0.043, 0.513) 0.0405
  Cigarettes: Alcohol −0.085 (−0.156, − 0.015) 0.0370
  Cigarettes: Alcohol: Cannabis 0.008 (0.002, 0.014) 0.0295
  Cigarettes: Cannabis −0.027 (− 0.048, − 0.006) 0.0289
Chromosomal
Chromosomal
  Cannabis 0.084 (0.019, 0.149) 0.0253
  Cigarettes: Alcohol: Cannabis −0.001 (− 0.002, 0) 0.0701
Downs_Syndrome
  Cigarettes 0.208 (0.024, 0.392) 0.0464
  Cigarettes: Alcohol: Cannabis 0.001 (0, 0.001) 0.0636
  Cigarettes: Alcohol −0.071 (− 0.124, − 0.018) 0.0231
Body Wall
Musculoskeletal
  Cannabis 2.686 (0.671, 4.701) 0.0241
  Cigarettes: Alcohol: Cannabis 0.038 (0.01, 0.067) 0.0236
  Alcohol: Cannabis −0.79 (−1.385, − 0.195) 0.0246
  Cigarettes: Cannabis −0.131 (− 0.228, − 0.034) 0.0228
Gastroschisis
  Cannabis 0.065 (0.016, 0.115) 0.0207
Exomphalos
  Alcohol: Cannabis 0.042 (0.002, 0.082) 0.0596
  Cigarettes: Cannabis −0.006 (−0.011, 0) 0.0874