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Table 3 WHO/INRUD core drug use indicators overall and in the different categories of pharmacies

From: WHO/INRUD Core drug use indicators and commonly prescribed medicines: a National Survey from Sri Lanka

Prescribing Indicator (WHO recommended standard) Mean ± SD (Median; Range) / Number (%)
Overall Privately owned State owned (‘Rajya Osusala’ – SPC) SPC Franchisee
Prescribing Indicators
 1. Average medicines per encounter (1.6–1.8) 3.1 ± 1.9 (3; 1–12) 2.9 ± 1.7 (3; 1–11)a 3.6 ± 2.2 (3; 1–11)a 3.1 ± 1.9 (3; 1–12)a
 2. Encounters with an antibiotic (%) (20–26.8%) 553 (23.8) 287 (27.1)b 84 (15.0)ab 182 (25.6)a
 3. Encounters with an injection (%) (13.4–24.1%) 29 (1.2) 19 (1.8)a 6 (1.1) 4 (0.6)a
 4. Medicines prescribed in generic name (%) (100%) 2579 (35.5) 980 (32.4)b 819 (40.6)ba 780 (35.2)a
 5. Medicines prescribed from EML (%) (100%) 4991 (68.8) 2099 (69.5) 1368 (67.8) 1524 (68.7)
Patient-care Indicators
1. Medicines actually dispensed (100%) 6701 (92.4) 2824 (93.5)a 1811 (89.8)ab 2066 (93.2)b
2. Medicines accurately labelled (100%) 6600 (98.5) 2758 (97.7) 1800 (99.4) 2042 (98.8)
  1. ab − values in a row with same symbols are significantly different from one another, EML Essential medicines list, SD Standard deviation, SPC State Pharmaceutical Corporation