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Table 5 WHO/INRUD core drug use indicators in different countries

From: WHO/INRUD Core drug use indicators and commonly prescribed medicines: a National Survey from Sri Lanka

Country [Ref] Type of survey, Year WHO/INRUD Core Drug use Indicators (WHO recommended value)
Prescribing Indictors Patient Care Indicators
Medicines* (1.6–1.8) Antibiotics (20–26.8%) Injections (13.4–24.1%) Generic name¥ (100%) Essential Medicines (100%) Dispensed# (100%) Labelled§ (100%)
Sri Lanka Present study, 2015 3.1 23.8% 1.2% 35.5% 68.8% 92.4% 98.5%
Africa Region (PC), 2006–2015 3.5 49.0% 24.8% 70.4% 88.9% NR NR
Bahrain PC, 2003 2.6 26.2% 8.3% 14.3% 99.8% NR NR
Brazil National (PC), 2015 2.4 5.8% 6.0% NR 45.1% NR NR
China Provincial (PC), 2009–2010 3.2 50.9% 24.4% NR 68.3% NR NR
Jordan PC, 1999–2000 2.3 60.9% 1.2% 5.1% 93.0% 81.8% 91.4%
Pakistan PC, 2014 3.4 48.9% 27.1% 71.6% 93.4% 90.9% 100%
Saudi Arabia PC, 2010 2.4 32.2% 2.0% 61.2% 99.2% 99.6% 10.0%
  1. #*Medicines per encounter; Encounters with an antibiotic; Encounters with an injection; ¥Medicines prescribed in generic name; Medicines prescribed from essential medicines list; #Medicines actually dispensed; §Medicines accurately labelled; NR Not reported; PC Primary Care