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Basic pharmacology

Section edited by David Farb

This section considers submissions that focus on receptor pharmacology, signal transduction, pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenomics relating to all organ systems.

Page 1 of 2

  1. Content type: Research article

    An increasing number of studies are investigating the effects of Chinese medicine on hepatic fibrosis, but only few studies have examined the anti-fibrogenic properties of Artesunate (ART). The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Jian Lv, Ruidan Bai, Li Wang, Jiefang Gao and Hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:64

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present in vitro study was to investigate, in different genders, motor responses in surgical colonic specimens from patients with rectal cancer undergoing and not undergoing chemotherapy with ca...

    Authors: Maria Antonietta Maselli, Antonia Ignazzi, Francesco Pezzolla, Annunziata Scirocco, Dionigi Lorusso, Fabrizio De Ponti and Carola Severi

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:49

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Guidelines recommending vancomycin trough concentrations > 10 mg/L in non-deep seated infections are based on expert opinion. The objective of this study was to evaluate patients with non-deep seated infection...

    Authors: Michael Wan, Sandra A. N. Walker, Elaine Martin, Marion Elligsen, Lesley Palmay and Jerome A. Leis

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:47

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Current studies have demonstrated that DODAC/PHO-S (Dioctadecyldimethylammonium Chloride/Synthetic phosphoethanolamine) liposomes induces cytotoxicity in Hepa1c1c7 and B16F10 murine tumor cells, with a higher ...

    Authors: Arthur Cássio de Lima Luna, Greice Kelle Viegas Saraiva, Gilberto Orivaldo Chierice, Henrique Hesse and Durvanei Augusto Maria

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:44

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Topical administration of PR022, 0.05% hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in gel has been demonstrated to be beneficial in a chronic murine atopic dermatitis model. In a follow up study we tested a higher concentration ...

    Authors: Tomoki Fukuyama, Sarah Ehling, Jenny Wilzopolski and Wolfgang Bäumer

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:37

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), an epithelial malignancy of the biliary tree, is one of the aggressive cancers with poor prognosis and unsatisfactory response to chemotherapy with acquired resistance. NAD(P)H-quinon...

    Authors: Pimradasiri Srijiwangsa, Saranyoo Ponnikorn and Kesara Na-Bangchang

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:32

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Grifolic acid is a derivative of grifolin, an antitumor natural compound, and it was reported as an agonist of free fatty acid receptor GPR120. Little is known about its antitumor effects and the involvement o...

    Authors: Yufeng Zhao, Lei Zhang, Aili Yan, Di Chen, Rong Xie, Yingguang Liu, Xiangyan Liang, Yanyan Zhao, Lanlan Wei, Jun Yu, Xi Xu and Xingli Su

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:26

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Pueraria candollei var. mirifica is a medicinal plant that is promoted as a “Champion Product” by the Government of Thailand. This plant has been reported to relieve postmenopausal symptoms, prevent and reverse b...

    Authors: Tosapol Anukunwithaya, Pilaslak Poo, Natthaphon Hunsakunachai, Ratchanee Rodsiri, Suchinda Malaivijitnond and Phisit Khemawoot

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:25

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Based on accumulating evidence, the regulation of protein expression by antipsychotic drugs (APDs) might be closely related to the control of psychotic symptoms when these drugs are used to treat mental disord...

    Authors: Tinchou Li, Mingcheng Lee, Fuming Tsai, Yunhsiang Chen, Yiyin Lin and Maoliang Chen

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:9

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Clonidine is an imidazoline sympatholytic, acting on both α2-adrenergic and imidazoline receptors in the brainstem to induce antihypertensive and negative chronotropic effects in the vasculature and heart respect...

    Authors: Alexander J. Sandweiss, Christopher M. Morrison, Anne Spichler and John Rozich

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade several studies have reported that in some brain areas, particularly, in the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter, rostral ventro-medial medulla, central nucleus of amygdala, nucleus raphe ma...

    Authors: Nana Tsiklauri, Natia Pirkulashvili, Ivliane Nozadze, Marina Nebieridze, Gulnaz Gurtskaia, Elene Abzianidze and Merab G. Tsagareli

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:2

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  12. Content type: Research article

    γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain where it regulates activity of neuronal networks. The receptor for glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is expressed in the hippocampu...

    Authors: Omar Babateen, Sergiy V. Korol, Zhe Jin, Amol K. Bhandage, Aikeremu Ahemaiti and Bryndis Birnir

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:83

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hyperglycemia-induced advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and receptor for AGEs (RAGE) production play major roles in progression of diabetic nephropathy. Anti-RAGE effect of peroxisome proliferator-activat...

    Authors: Jui-Ting Chang, Yao-Jen Liang, Chia-Yu Hsu, Chao-Yi Chen, Po-Jung Chen, Yi-Feng Yang, Yen-Lin Chen, Dee Pei, Jin-Biou Chang and Jyh-Gang Leu

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:67

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Our previous studies demonstrated that growth and migration of medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant brain tumor in children, are stimulated by 17β-estradiol. The growth stimulating effects of estrog...

    Authors: Scott M. Belcher, Caleb C. Burton, Clifford J. Cookman, Michelle Kirby, Gabriel L. Miranda, Fatima O. Saeed and Kathleen E. Wray

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:63

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) has various biological activities including as antioxidant and an inhibitor of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. However, both oxidative stress and activated PI3K/AKT signaling contribute to ...

    Authors: Tianbao Chen, Shaoxiong Deng and Rong Lin

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:57

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  16. Content type: Research article

    E2HSA is a genetic fusion protein that consists of two tandem exendin-4 molecules that are covalently bonded to recombinant human serum albumin via a peptide linker. Previous studies have demonstrated that E2H...

    Authors: Caina Li, Shaocong Hou, Shuainan Liu, Yi Huan, Sujuan Sun, Quan Liu and Zhufang Shen

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex composed of 8 subunits designated CSN1-CSN8. CSN3 represents the third subunit of the CSN and maintains the integrity of the complex. CSN3 binds to the...

    Authors: Mariam A. Ba, Jeffrey Surina, Cherie A. Singer and Maria L. Valencik

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:47

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Diacetyl-liensinine is a chemosynthetic derivative of liensinine, extracted from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, in China. It has been found to have extensive anti- arrhythmic actions. The present stu...

    Authors: Feng Cao, Teng Wang, Wenmao Ding, Zhe Li, Shaobo Shi and Xiaozhan Wang

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:33

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Drug interactions between antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) and anthelminthic drugs, ivermectin (IVM) and praziquantel (PZQ) were assessed by investigating their permeation through the Caco-2 cell monolayers in a tr...

    Authors: Gabriel Kigen and Geoffrey Edwards

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:20

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Vascular disease is a common and often severe complication in diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycemia and hypertension are considered to be two of the leading risk factors for vascular complications in diabetic patie...

    Authors: Yu-Guang Ma, Jun-Wei Wang, Yun-Gang Bai, Mei Liu, Man-Jiang Xie and Zhi-Jun Dai

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:30

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the present study aimed to investigate the effect of CoQ10 treatment on isoprenaline (ISO)-induced cardiac remodeling in rats.

    Authors: Anayt Ulla, Mustafe Khalid Mohamed, Biswajit Sikder, AFM Towheedur Rahman, Farzana Akther Sumi, Murad Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, G. M. Sayedur Rahman and Md Ashraful Alam

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:29

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Side-population (SP) cells that exclude anti-cancer drugs have been found in various tumor cell lines. Moreover, SP cells have a higher proliferative potential and drug resistance than main population cells (N...

    Authors: Seon Young Choi, Hang-Rae Kim, Pan Dong Ryu and So Yeong Lee

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:14

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with obesity and various obesity-associated pathological conditions including glucose intolerance. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), a precursor of heme metabolites, is a nat...

    Authors: Urara Ota, Takeshi Hara, Hitoshi Nakagawa, Emi Tsuru, Masayuki Tsuda, Atsuko Kamiya, Yasushi Kuroda, Yuya Kitajima, Aya Koda, Masahiro Ishizuka, Hideo Fukuhara, Keiji Inoue, Taro Shuin, Motowo Nakajima and Tohru Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:7

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Synthetic and natural antioxidants including Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell (Scrophulariaceae) which also possess anti-dopaminergic properties, have been proposed to be useful for emetogenic chemotherapy. In this s...

    Authors: Javaid Alam, Fazal Subhan, Ihsan Ullah, Muhammad Shahid, Gowhar Ali and Robert D. E. Sewell

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:4

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:9

  25. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is a major public health concern globally and chemotherapy remains the principal mode of the treatment of various malignant diseases.

    Authors: Victor Kuete, Leonidah K. Omosa, Viviane R. Sipowo Tala, Jacob O. Midiwo, Armelle T. Mbaveng, Sauda Swaleh, Oğuzhan Karaosmanoğlu and Hülya Sivas

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:60

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Praziquantel (PZQ) is an antihelminthic drug whose P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate specificity has not been conclusively characterized. We investigated its specificity by comparing its in vitro intracellular accu...

    Authors: Gabriel Kigen and Geoffrey Edwards

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:37

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Olvanil (NE 19550) is a non-pungent synthetic analogue of capsaicin, the natural pungent ingredient of capsicum which activates the transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channel and was develop...

    Authors: Mohammad Alsalem, Paul Millns, Ahmad Altarifi, Khalid El-Salem, Victoria Chapman and David A. Kendall

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:31

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  28. Content type: Research article

    All hematopoietic cells express P2 receptors, however pharmacological characteristics such as expression and affinity in granulocytes are unknown.

    Authors: Antonio Carlos Ribeiro-Filho, Marcus Vinicius Buri, Carlos Castilho Barros, Juliana Luporini Dreyfuss, Helena Bonciani Nader, Giselle Zenker Justo, Rogério Bastos Craveiro, João Bosco Pesquero, Antonio Miranda, Alice Teixeira Ferreira and Edgar Julian Paredes-Gamero

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2016 17:29

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Previously, we have demonstrated that human ABCB5 is a full-sized ATP-binding cassette transporter that shares strong homology with ABCB1/P-glycoprotein. ABCB5-transfected cells showed resistance to taxanes and a...

    Authors: Shingo Kondo, Keita Hongama, Kengo Hanaya, Ryota Yoshida, Takaaki Kawanobe, Kazuhiro Katayama, Kohji Noguchi and Yoshikazu Sugimoto

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2015 16:37

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  30. Content type: Research article

    We have previously shown that the thromboxane (TXA2) receptor agonist, U46619, can directly induce ventricular arrhythmias that were associated with increases in intracellular calcium in cardiomyocytes. Since ...

    Authors: Chad D Touchberry, Neerupma Silswal, Vladimir Tchikrizov, Christopher J Elmore, Shubra Srinivas, Adil S Akthar, Hannah K Swan, Lori A Wetmore and Michael J Wacker

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:73

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer is characterized by a high mortality rate probably attributable to early metastasis. Oxidative stress is involved in development and progression of lung cancer, through cellular and molecular mecha...

    Authors: Luca Gallelli, Daniela Falcone, Monica Scaramuzzino, Girolamo Pelaia, Bruno D’Agostino, Maria Mesuraca, Rosa Terracciano, Giuseppe Spaziano, Rosario Maselli, Michele Navarra and Rocco Savino

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:67

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The mouse has three arylamine N-acetyltransferase genes, (MOUSE)Nat1, (MOUSE)Nat2 and (MOUSE)Nat3. These are believed to correspond to (HUMAN)NAT1, (HUMAN)NAT2 and NATP in humans. (MOUSE)Nat3 encodes an enzyme wi...

    Authors: Nicola Laurieri, Akane Kawamura, Isaac M Westwood, Amy Varney, Elizabeth Morris, Angela J Russell, Lesley A Stanley and Edith Sim

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:68

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Nobiletin is a non-toxic dietary flavonoid that possesses anti-cancer properties. Nobiletin has been reported to reduce the risk of prostate cancer, but the mechanism is not well understood. In this study, we ...

    Authors: Jianchu Chen, Ashley Creed, Allen Y Chen, Haizhi Huang, Zhaoliang Li, Gary O Rankin, Xingqian Ye, Guihua Xu and Yi Charlie Chen

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:59

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  34. Content type: Research article

    11ß–hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type1 (11β-HSD1) converts inactive glucocorticoids to active glucocorticoids which, in excess, leads to development of the various risk factors of the metabolic syndrome. Recen...

    Authors: Tharappel M Anil, Anilkumar Dandu, KrishnaReddy Harsha, Jaideep Singh, Nitya Shree, Venkatesh Satish Kumar, Mudigere N Lakshmi, Venkategowda Sunil, Chandrashekaran Harish, Gundalmandikal V Balamurali, Baisani S Naveen Kumar, Aralakuppe S Gopala, Shivakumar Pratibha, ManojKumar Sadasivuni, Mammen O Anup, Yoganand Moolemath…

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:43

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α and PPARδ causes an elevation of tissue carnitine concentrations through induction of genes involved in carnitine uptake [novel organic cation t...

    Authors: Aline Couturier, Robert Ringseis, Erika Most and Klaus Eder

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:37

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Glucocorticoids affect peripheral immune responses, including modulation of T-cell activation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The quantity and quality of T-cell receptor (TCR)-triggered intracellular signals ...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Petrillo, Katia Fettucciari, Paolo Montuschi, Simona Ronchetti, Luigi Cari, Graziella Migliorati, Emanuela Mazzon, Oxana Bereshchenko, Stefano Bruscoli, Giuseppe Nocentini and Carlo Riccardi

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:35

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) is expressed predominantly in the immune system, particularly in plasma cells, raising the possibility that targeting the CB2 pathway could yield an immunomodulatory effect. Althou...

    Authors: Rentian Feng, Christine A Milcarek and Xiang-Qun Xie

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:30

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins suppress G protein coupled receptor signaling by catalyzing the hydrolysis of Gα-bound guanine nucleotide triphosphate. Transgenic mice in which RGS-mediated reg...

    Authors: Sergio Parra, Xinyan Huang, Raelene A Charbeneau, Susan M Wade, Kuljeet Kaur, Boyd R Rorabaugh and Richard R Neubig

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:29

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Tamoxifen, an agonist of estrogen receptor, is widely prescribed for the prevention and long-term treatment of breast cancer. A side effect of tamoxifen is fatty liver, which increases the risk for non-alcohol...

    Authors: Thuc T Le, Yasuyo Urasaki and Giuseppe Pizzorno

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:27

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Novobiocin is a coumarin antibiotic, which affects also eukaryotic cells inhibiting activity of Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). The Hsp90 represents a molecular chaperone critical for stabilization and activati...

    Authors: Anna K Szkaradkiewicz, Tomasz M Karpiński and Andrzej Szkaradkiewicz

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:25

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  41. Content type: Research article

    GPR40 is a G-protein coupled receptor regulating free fatty acid induced and also glucose induced insulin secretion. We generated neonatally-streptozotocin-treated female rats (n-STZ) and treated them with CNX...

    Authors: Venkategowda Sunil, Mahesh Kumar Verma, Anup M Oommen, Manojkumar Sadasivuni, Jaideep Singh, Dasarahalli N Vijayraghav, Bhawna Chandravanshi, Jayalaxmi Shetty, Sanghamitra Biswas, Anilkumar Dandu, Yoganand Moolemath, Marikunte V Venkataranganna, Baggavalli P Somesh and Madanahalli R Jagannath

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:19

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pain is characterized as a complex experience, dependent not only on the regulation of nociceptive sensory systems, but also on the activation of mechanisms that control emotional processes in limbic brain are...

    Authors: Gulnazi Gurtskaia, Nana Tsiklauri, Ivliane Nozadze, Marina Nebieridze and Merab G Tsagareli

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2014 15:10

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Indoxyl sulfate (IS), an organic anion uremic toxin, promotes the progression of renal dysfunction. Some studies have suggested that IS inhibits osteoclast differentiation and suppresses parathyroid hormone (P...

    Authors: Young-Hee Kim, Kyung-Ah Kwak, Hyo-Wook Gil, Ho-Yeon Song and Sae-Yong Hong

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2013 14:60

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Chemotherapy-induced hair loss (alopecia) (CIA) is one of the most feared side effects of chemotherapy among cancer patients. There is currently no pharmacological approach to minimize CIA, although one strate...

    Authors: Zeina Nasr, Lukas E Dow, Marilene Paquet, Jennifer Chu, Kontham Ravindar, Ragam Somaiah, Pierre Deslongchamps, John A Porco Jr, Scott W Lowe and Jerry Pelletier

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2013 14:58

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Dipyrithione (PTS2) is widely used as a bactericide and fungicide. Here, we investigated whether PTS2 has broad-spectrum antitumor activity by studying its cytotoxicity and proapoptotic effects in four cancer ...

    Authors: Yumei Fan, Caizhi Liu, Yongmao Huang, Jie Zhang, Linlin Cai, Shengnan Wang, Yongze Zhang, Xianglin Duan and Zhimin Yin

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2013 14:54

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