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BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Doxorubicin (DOX) is commonly used in the treatment of many types of cancers but its cardiotoxicity is limiting its clinical use. Beyond its anticoagulant action, enoxaparin (ENX), a low molecular weight hepar...

    Authors: Reem Ali Shaker, Samer Hassan Abboud, Hayder Chasib Assad and Najah Hadi

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:3

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade several studies have reported that in some brain areas, particularly, in the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter, rostral ventro-medial medulla, central nucleus of amygdala, nucleus raphe ma...

    Authors: Nana Tsiklauri, Natia Pirkulashvili, Ivliane Nozadze, Marina Nebieridze, Gulnaz Gurtskaia, Elene Abzianidze and Merab G. Tsagareli

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:2

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Several countries have used pegylation technology to improve the pharmacokinetic properties of essential drugs. Recently, a novel interferon alfa-2b protein conjugated to four-branched 12 kDa polyethylene glyc...

    Authors: Marisa Boff Costa, Paulo Dornelles Picon, Guilherme Becker Sander, Hugo Nodarse Cuni, Carmen Valenzuela Silva, Rolando Páez Meireles, Ana Carolina Magalhães Andrade Góes, Nadia Maria Batoreu, Maria de Lourdes de Sousa Maia, Elizabeth Maciel Albuquerque, Denise Cristina de Souza Matos and Pedro Lopez Saura

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2018 19:1

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This study aims at characterizing the in vitro metabolism of cryptolepine using human and rat hepatocytes, identifying metabolites in rat plasma and urine after a single cryptolepine dose, and evaluating the s...

    Authors: Arnold Donkor Forkuo, Charles Ansah, David Pearson, Werner Gertsch, Amanda Cirello, Adam Amaral, Jaimie Spear, Colin W. Wright and Caroline Rynn

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:84

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  5. Content type: Research article

    γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain where it regulates activity of neuronal networks. The receptor for glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is expressed in the hippocampu...

    Authors: Omar Babateen, Sergiy V. Korol, Zhe Jin, Amol K. Bhandage, Aikeremu Ahemaiti and Bryndis Birnir

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:83

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Afatinib is a second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy, afatinib has been shown to have better efficacy in the treatment of ...

    Authors: Chih-Jen Yang, Ming-Ju Tsai, Jen-Yu Hung, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Ying-Ming Tsai, Yu-Chen Tsai, Jui-Feng Hsu, Ta-Chih Liu, Ming-Shyan Huang and Inn-Wen Chong

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:82

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Prasugrel and Ticagrelor are emerging antiplatelet drugs that might have the potential to replace currently used antiplatelet agents. Previous analyses comparing prasugrel with ticagrelor mainly focused on an ...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Jia-Xin Shi and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:80

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Inquiries relating to ibuprofen overdose have more than tripled in the last ten years in our poison control center. Although the vast majority of cases have a benign clinical course, there are few severe or ev...

    Authors: Stefanie Geith, Bertold Renner, Christian Rabe, Jochen Stenzel and Florian Eyer

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:81

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The extents of generic-reference and generic-generic average bioequivalence and intra-subject variation of on-market drug products have not been prospectively studied on a large scale.

    Authors: Muhammad M. Hammami, Sophia J. S. De Padua, Rajaa Hussein, Eman Al Gaai, Nesrine A. Khodr, Reem Al-Swayeh, Syed N. Alvi and Nada Binhashim

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:78

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to detect and analyze Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) through Intensive Pharmacovigilance (IPV) in hospitalized pediatric patients to improve drug safety.

    Authors: Alan O. Vázquez-Alvarez, Lorena Michele Brennan-Bourdon, Ana Rosa Rincón-Sánchez, María Cristina Islas-Carbajal and Selene G. Huerta-Olvera

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is one of the most aggressive cancer diseases affecting the human body. Recent research has shown the importance of the perioperative phase in disease progression. Particularly d...

    Authors: Manuela Malsy, Bernhard Graf and Anika Bundscherer

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:77

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Many elderly patients receive psychotropic drugs. Treatment with psychotropic agents is associated with serious side effects including an increased risk of falls and fractures. Several psychotropic drugs are c...

    Authors: Inken Arnold, Kati Straube, Wolfgang Himmel, Stephanie Heinemann, Vivien Weiss, Laura Heyden, Eva Hummers-Pradier and Roland Nau

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:76

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Cancer patients may receive a high number of medications with the potential to prolong QT interval and subsequent TdP (torsades de pointes). This study aimed to identify the prevalence of QT prolonging drugs, ...

    Authors: Qasim Khan, Mohammad Ismail and Sehrash Khan

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:75

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have reported that daptomycin induced artificial prolongation of prothrombin time (PT) in some test reagents, particularly in warfarin users. However, it remains unknown whether the artificial ...

    Authors: Hideki Hashimoto, Makoto Saito, Naoki Kanda, Takehito Yamamoto, Makiko Mieno and Shuji Hatakeyama

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:74

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Metolazone is a diuretic, saluretic and antihypertensive chemical compound from the quinazoline category that possesses medicinal features similar to those of other thiazide diuretic drugs. However, the pharma...

    Authors: Xueqing Li, Rutao Wang, Yang Liu, Yun Liu, Heng Zheng, Yabo Feng, Na Zhao, Hongbin Geng, Wanzhi Zhang and Aidong Wen

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:73

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Zebrafish embryos are emerging as a model for pharmacological and toxicological studies. We used zebrafish embryos to study the general toxicity and cardiovascular effects of eight methylxanthines: aminophylli...

    Authors: Ram Manohar Basnet, Daniela Zizioli, Michela Guarienti, Dario Finazzi and Maurizio Memo

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:72

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although there are systems for reporting adverse drug reactions (ADR), these safety events remain under reported. The low-cost, low-tech trigger tool method is based on the detection of events through clues, and ...

    Authors: Silvana Maria de Almeida, Aruana Romualdo, Andressa de Abreu Ferraresi, Giovana Roberta Zelezoglo, Alexandre R. Marra and Michael B. Edmond

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:71

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    It is well known that the standard doses of a given drug may not have equivalent effects in all patients. To date, the management of depression remains mainly empirical and often poorly evaluated. The developm...

    Authors: Célia Lloret-Linares, Youssef Daali, Sylvie Chevret, Isabelle Nieto, Fanny Molière, Philippe Courtet, Florence Galtier, Raphaëlle-Marie Richieri, Sophie Morange, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Wissam El-Hage, Thomas Desmidt, Frédéric Haesebaert, Philippe Vignaud, Jerôme Holtzmann, Jean-Luc Cracowski…

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:70

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Prescription practices, especially in South Asian countries, have come under investigation for quality. Although there have been no studies in Nepal that have analyzed the prescription pattern of FDCs for diff...

    Authors: Arjun Poudel, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Pranaya Mishra and Subish Palaian

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:69

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Older people have a greater disease burden and are more likely than younger to be prescribed medications. They are also more sensitive to adverse effects. With this in mind, a range of medications have been su...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Magnus Sandberg, Gerd Ahlström and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:68

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Hyperglycemia-induced advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and receptor for AGEs (RAGE) production play major roles in progression of diabetic nephropathy. Anti-RAGE effect of peroxisome proliferator-activat...

    Authors: Jui-Ting Chang, Yao-Jen Liang, Chia-Yu Hsu, Chao-Yi Chen, Po-Jung Chen, Yi-Feng Yang, Yen-Lin Chen, Dee Pei, Jin-Biou Chang and Jyh-Gang Leu

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:67

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Vildagliptin and pioglitazone/rosiglitazone are emerging Oral Hypoglycemic Agents (OHAs) which are used to treat patients suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). In this analysis, we aimed to systemati...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:66

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The presentation of schizophrenia (SCH) symptoms differs between the sexes. Long-term treatment with antipsychotics is frequently associated with decreased bone mineral density, increased fracture risk and met...

    Authors: Tatjana Nikolić, Milan Petronijević, Jelena Sopta, Milica Velimirović, Tihomir Stojković, Gordana Jevtić Dožudić, Milan Aksić, Nevena V. Radonjić and Nataša Petronijević

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:65

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  24. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: G. Todd Milne, Peter Sandner, Kathleen A. Lincoln, Paul C. Harrison, Hongxing Chen, Hong Wang, Holly Clifford, Hu Sheng Qian, Diane Wong, Chris Sarko, Ryan Fryer, Jeremy Richman, Glenn A. Reinhart, Carine M. Boustany, Steven S. Pullen, Henriette Andresen…

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18(Suppl 1):64

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  25. Content type: Research article

    Our previous studies demonstrated that growth and migration of medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant brain tumor in children, are stimulated by 17β-estradiol. The growth stimulating effects of estrog...

    Authors: Scott M. Belcher, Caleb C. Burton, Clifford J. Cookman, Michelle Kirby, Gabriel L. Miranda, Fatima O. Saeed and Kathleen E. Wray

    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:63

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Reviewer acknowledgments

2016 Journal Metrics

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