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  1. Research article

    Adverse drug effects observed with vildagliptin versus pioglitazone or rosiglitazone in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Vildagliptin and pioglitazone/rosiglitazone are emerging Oral Hypoglycemic Agents (OHAs) which are used to treat patients suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). In this analysis, we aimed to systemati...

    Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck and Feng Huang

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:66

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Haloperidol affects bones while clozapine alters metabolic parameters - sex specific effects in rats perinatally treated with phencyclidine

    The presentation of schizophrenia (SCH) symptoms differs between the sexes. Long-term treatment with antipsychotics is frequently associated with decreased bone mineral density, increased fracture risk and met...

    Tatjana Nikolić, Milan Petronijević, Jelena Sopta, Milica Velimirović, Tihomir Stojković, Gordana Jevtić Dožudić, Milan Aksić, Nevena V. Radonjić and Nataša Petronijević

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:65

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  3. Meeting abstracts

    Abstracts from the 8th International Conference on cGMP Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications

    G. Todd Milne, Peter Sandner, Kathleen A. Lincoln, Paul C. Harrison, Hongxing Chen, Hong Wang, Holly Clifford, Hu Sheng Qian, Diane Wong, Chris Sarko, Ryan Fryer, Jeremy Richman, Glenn A. Reinhart, Carine M. Boustany, Steven S. Pullen, Henriette Andresen…

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18(Suppl 1):64

    Published on: 10 October 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  4. Research article

    Estrogen and soy isoflavonoids decrease sensitivity of medulloblastoma and central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumor cells to chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity

    Our previous studies demonstrated that growth and migration of medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant brain tumor in children, are stimulated by 17β-estradiol. The growth stimulating effects of estrog...

    Scott M. Belcher, Caleb C. Burton, Clifford J. Cookman, Michelle Kirby, Gabriel L. Miranda, Fatima O. Saeed and Kathleen E. Wray

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:63

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  5. Research article

    Rosiglitazone increases endothelial cell migration and vascular permeability through Akt phosphorylation

    Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) agonists, exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and inhibit endothelial inflammation and dysfunction, which is an...

    Yun Hyi Ku, Bong-Jun Cho, Min Joo Kim, Soo Lim, Young Joo Park, Hak C. Jang and Sung Hee Choi

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:62

    Published on: 30 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Short-term treatment with taurolidine is associated with liver injury

    Taurolidine has been used for peritonitis, oncological and catheter-lock treatment because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It has been suggested that taurolidine has no severe side-effects, but after long...

    René Fahrner, Anika Möller, Adrian T. Press, Andreas Kortgen, Michael Kiehntopf, Falk Rauchfuss, Utz Settmacher and Alexander S. Mosig

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:61

    Published on: 11 August 2017

  7. Research article

    β adrenergic receptor/cAMP/PKA signaling contributes to the intracellular Ca2+ release by tentacle extract from the jellyfish Cyanea capillata

    Intracellular Ca2+ overload induced by extracellular Ca2+ entry has previously been confirmed to be an important mechanism for the cardiotoxicity as well as the acute heart dysfunction induced by jellyfish venom,...

    Qianqian Wang, Hui Zhang, Bo Wang, Chao Wang, Liang Xiao and Liming Zhang

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:60

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Evaluation of pharmacotherapy complexity in residents of long-term care facilities: a cross-sectional descriptive study

    Polypharmacy is a reality in long-term care facilities. However, number of medications used by the patient should not be the only predictor of a complex pharmacotherapy. Although the level of complexity of pha...

    Vanessa Alves-Conceição, Daniel Tenório da Silva, Vanessa Lima de Santana, Edileide Guimarães dos Santos, Lincoln Marques Cavalcante Santos and Divaldo Pereira de Lyra Jr.

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:59

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Zinc as an adjunct treatment for reducing case fatality due to clinical severe infection in young infants: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    An estimated 2.7 of the 5.9 million deaths in children under 5 years of age occur in the neonatal period. Severe infections contribute to almost a quarter of these deaths. Mortality due to severe infections in...

    Nitya Wadhwa, Sudha Basnet, Uma Chandra Mouli Natchu, Laxman P. Shrestha, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Halvor Sommerfelt, Tor A. Strand, Siddarth Ramji, K. C. Aggarwal, Harish Chellani, Anuradha Govil, Mamta Jajoo, N. B. Mathur, Meenakshi Bhatt, Anup Mohta, Imran Ansari…

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:56

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling of oral mitiglinide on glucose lowering in healthy Chinese volunteers

    Mitiglinide is a widely used agent for diabetic treatment. We established a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model to illustrate the relationship between mitiglinide plasma concentration and its glucose...

    Shijia Liu, Peidong Chen, Yang Zhao, Guoliang Dai, Bingting Sun, Yao Wang, Anwei Ding and Wenzheng Ju

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:54

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Actions of sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Moquiniastrum polymorphum subsp. floccosum in MCF7 cell line and their potentiating action on doxorubicin

    In order to obtain better clinical results in anticancer therapies, polychemotherapy or combination therapies are used. For this, the combinations are required to increase the efficacy and reduce the adverse r...

    Mariana de Oliveira Mauro, Renata Matuo, Natan de David, Regiane Lauriano Batista Strapasson, Rodrigo Juliano Oliveira, Maria Élida Alves Stefanello, Cândida Aparecida Leite Kassuya, Maria de Fátima de Cepa Matos, Fábio José Carvalho Faria and Deiler Sampaio Costa

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:53

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Drug-related problems and medication reviews among old people with dementia

    Drug-related problems, including medication errors and adverse drug events, are common among old people. Due to, for example, greater susceptibility to side effects, people with dementia are even more at risk ...

    Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson and Maria Gustafsson

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:52

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Multifaceted interventions for improving spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions in a general hospital in China

    The present study investigates changes in spontaneous reporting (SR) compliance and ADR patterns following adoption of a new hospital SR system, and multiple interventions designed for its improvement use unde...

    Huan Fang, Xiaowen Lin, Jun Zhang, Zhen Hong, Kenji Sugiyama, Takao Nozaki, Tetsuro Sameshima, Susumu Kobayashi, Hiroki Namba and Tetsuya Asakawa

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:49

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  14. Research article

    The albumin-exendin-4 recombinant protein E2HSA improves glycemic control and β-cell function in spontaneous diabetic KKAy mice

    E2HSA is a genetic fusion protein that consists of two tandem exendin-4 molecules that are covalently bonded to recombinant human serum albumin via a peptide linker. Previous studies have demonstrated that E2H...

    Caina Li, Shaocong Hou, Shuainan Liu, Yi Huan, Sujuan Sun, Quan Liu and Zhufang Shen

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:48

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Knockdown of subunit 3 of the COP9 signalosome inhibits C2C12 myoblast differentiation via NF-KappaB signaling pathway

    The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex composed of 8 subunits designated CSN1-CSN8. CSN3 represents the third subunit of the CSN and maintains the integrity of the complex. CSN3 binds to the...

    Mariam A. Ba, Jeffrey Surina, Cherie A. Singer and Maria L. Valencik

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:47

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  16. Research article

    Profound perturbation induced by triclosan exposure in mouse gut microbiome: a less resilient microbial community with elevated antibiotic and metal resistomes

    Environmental chemical-induced perturbations of gut microbiome are associated with a series of adverse health outcomes. The effects of triclosan on human health have been controversial in recent years. The pur...

    Bei Gao, Pengcheng Tu, Xiaoming Bian, Liang Chi, Hongyu Ru and Kun Lu

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:46

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  17. Research article

    Pain sensitivity and analgesic use among 10,486 adults: the Tromsø study

    Increased pain sensitivity is a putative risk factor for chronic pain and consequently for analgesic use. Conversely, analgesic use may be a cause of increased pain sensitivity, e.g., through opioid-induced hy...

    Per-Jostein Samuelsen, Christopher Sivert Nielsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Audun Stubhaug, Kristian Svendsen and Anne Elise Eggen

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:45

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  18. Research article

    Data-driven prediction of adverse drug reactions induced by drug-drug interactions

    The expanded use of multiple drugs has increased the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) induced by drug-drug interactions (DDIs). However, such reactions are typically not observed in clinical drug-de...

    Ruifeng Liu, Mohamed Diwan M. AbdulHameed, Kamal Kumar, Xueping Yu, Anders Wallqvist and Jaques Reifman

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:44

    Published on: 8 June 2017

  19. Case report

    Tardive akathisia related to the anti-hypertensive agent Sevikar-a case report

    Tardive akathisia (TA) is a subtype of tardive syndrome, and its etiology is still uncertain. Sevikar is an anti-hypertensive agent containing both amlodipine and olmesartan, and has never been reported to hav...

    Men-Ting Hsieh, Pao-Yen Lin, Chia-Jen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang and Yu Lee

    BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 18:41

    Published on: 5 June 2017

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Reviewer acknowledgments