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BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology

Open Access

Alloxan-induced diabetes alters rat common carotid artery response to adenosine

  • Miroslav Radenković1Email author,
  • Marko Stojanović1,
  • Radmila Janković2,
  • Mirko Topalović1 and
  • Milica Stojiljković1
BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology201213(Suppl 1):A16

Published: 17 September 2012


AdenosineStainless Steel WireRelaxant ResponseRightward ShiftMaximal Relaxant


It is well established that diabetes mellitus represents an important risk factor for endothelial dysfunction and associated cardiovascular events. Accordingly, vascular responsiveness of different isolated blood vessels was shown to be altered in experimental diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adenosine on intact or denuded isolated rat common carotid arteries obtained from healthy or diabetic rats.


The current study involved two groups of male Wistar rats (220–280 g): (1) healthy controls and (2) rats with alloxan-induced diabetes. Carotid arteries were extracted from rats, carefully dissected from surrounding tissue, cut into 4 mm-long rings and placed in an organ bath. The endothelium was removed from some rings by gently rubbing the intimal surface with stainless steel wire. Apart from the pharmacological verification, the presence of endothelial cells was confirmed by histological evaluation on randomly selected preparations. Concentration-response curves for adenosine (0.01–100 µM) were obtained in a cumulative fashion on serotonin-precontracted arteries.


The adenosine-induced maximal relaxant response of rings with or without endothelium was similar in all investigated groups (p > 0.05), indicating an equi-effective action of adenosine irrespective of diabetes. The analysis of the median effective concentrations (pEC50) showed that the response of intact or denuded vessels to adenosine was comparable but only within each group, thus confirming an endothelium-independent relaxation. On the other hand, the comparison of pEC50 values between healthy and diabetic animals showed a significant decrease of pEC50 (p < 0.05) in rats with alloxan-induced diabetes, which was also accompanied by a matching rightward shift of the cumulative concentration-response curves for adenosine.


Adenosine induced endothelium-independent relaxation of the rat common carotid artery, with comparable pharmacological efficacy in all investigated groups, yet with reduced pharmacological potency in diabetic rats. This confirms the initial hypothesis that diabetes alters the response of the rat common carotid artery to adenosine.

Authors’ Affiliations

Institute of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Institute of Pathology, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia


© Radenković et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.