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Table 2 Prevalence of specific analgesic use among the adult population in Germany. German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) 2008–2011

From: Prevalence, trends, patterns and associations of analgesic use in Germany

Analgesic use Aspirin n = 399 Diclofenac n = 352 Ibuprofen n = 352 Paracetamol n = 330 Naproxen n = 12
  Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI)
Total 5.8 (5.1–6.6) 4.4 (3.8–5.0) 8.0 (7.2–8.9) 5.2 (4.6–5.9) 0.2 (0.1–0.3)
Gender      
 Men* 5.2 (4.3–6.2) 4.3 (3.5–5.2) 5.7 (4.8–6.8) 4.0 (3.2–4.9) 0.1 (0.0–0.4)
 Women 6.3 (5.3–7.5) 4.4 (3.7–5.3) 10.3 (9.1–11.6) 6.4 (5.4–7.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.4)
Age groups, years      
 18–29* 4.8 (3.3–6.9) 1.2 (0.6–2.2) 8.8 (7.0–11.0) 6.9 (5.3–9.1) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
 30–44 5.7 (4.2–7.6) 2.8 (1.9–4.3) 9.5 (7.8–11.4) 7.0 (5.6–8.7) 0.2 (0.1–0.7)
 45–64 6.5 (5.3–7.8) 4.7 (3.9–5.7) 7.7 (6.4–9.1) 4.5 (3.5–5.7) 0.1 (0.0–0.3)
 65+ 5.4 (4.3–6.9) 8.8 (7.1–10.7) 6.0 (4.7–7.7) 2.6 (1.7–4.1) 0.4 (0.1–1.3)
Socio-economic status      
 Low* 4.8 (3.3–6.8) 6.5 (5.0–8.5) 9.5 (7.5–12.1) 5.2 (3.6–7.3) 0.4 (0.2–1.1)
 Medium 5.6 (4.7–6.7) 3.9 (3.3–4.7) 7.9 (7.0–9.0) 5.5 (4.6–6.5) 0.1 (0.0–0.3)
 High 7.1 (5.8–8.7) 3.6 (2.6–4.9) 6.8 (5.3–8.6) 4.1 (3.0–5.7) 0.0 (0.0–0.3)
Municipality size      
 Rurala* 5.1 (3.7–7.0) 5.8 (4.2–8.0) 7.1 (5.4–9.3) 3.8 (2.9–5.0) 0.1 (0.0–0.7)
 Small townb 5.0 (4.0–6.3) 3.9 (2.9–5.3) 7.0 (5.7–8.6) 5.1 (4.0–6.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.6)
 Townc 5.9 (4.8–7.2) 4.6 (3.7–5.8) 8.6 (7.3–10.2) 5.6 (4.5–7.0) 0.1 (0.0–0.4)
 Cityd 6.6 (5.1–8.4) 3.7 (2.8–4.8) 8.7 (7.2–10.3) 5.6 (4.3–7.2) 0.2 (0.1–0.8)
  1. Bold text denotes statistical significance (p < 0.05) in comparison with the reference (*)
  2. a = <5000 inhabitants. b = 5000 to <20,000 inhabitants. c = 20,000 to <100,000 inhabitants. d = ≥100,000 inhabitants