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Table 2 Pre- operative parameters of patients subjected to prophylactic single dose regimen during elective orthopedic surgery

From: Cefepime versus Ceftriaxone for perioperative systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in elective orthopedic surgery at Bugando Medical Centre Mwanza, Tanzania: a randomized clinical study

Variable Ceftriaxone (Group A) Cefepime (Group B) p-value
N = 113 N = 117
Indication for surgery
 Trauma related 91 (80.53 %) 100 (85.47 %) 0.318
 Non-Trauma Related 22 (19.47 %) 17 (14.53 %)
Anatomical location of lesion
 Upper Limb 44 (38.9 %) 30 (26.6 %) 0.031
 Lower limb 69 (61.1 %) 87 (74.4 %)
Time to treatment
 Less than 2 weeks 29 (25.7 %) 48 (41.0 %) 0.014
 More than 2 Weeks 84 (74.3 %) 69 (59.0 %)
History of antibiotic use
 None 84 (74.3 %) 81 (69.2 %) 0.39
 More than 7 days 29 (25.7 %) 36 (30.8 %)
Type of elective procedure
 Invasive 93 (82.3 %) 104 (88.9 %) 0.154
 Non Invasive 20 (17.7 %) 13 (11.1 %)