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Table 3 Selected intra-operative considerations of patients subjected to single dose regimen during elective orthopedic surgery

From: Cefepime versus Ceftriaxone for perioperative systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in elective orthopedic surgery at Bugando Medical Centre Mwanza, Tanzania: a randomized clinical study

Variable Ceftriaxone (Group A) Cefepime (Group B) p-value
N = 113 N = 117
Hemoglobin Level
 Mean 11.6 g/dl 11.3 g/dl 0.577
 Range 6–17.2 g/dl 5.8–16 g/dl
 SDEV 2.17 g/dl 2.10 g/dl
Timing of prophylaxis [within]
 <15 min 65 (56 %) 57 (48.7 %) 0.408
 >16– < 30 min 43 (38.0 %) 54 (46.2 %)
 >31– < 45 min 5 (6.0 %) 6 (5.1 %)
 >46 < 60 min 0 0
Approximate blood loss
 Less than 400 ml 93 (82.3 %) 88 (75.2 %) 0.189
 More than 400 ml 20 (17.7 %) 29 (24.20 %)
Duration of operation [within]
 <1 h 60 (53.1 %) 58 (49.6 %) 0.864
 2 h 43 (38.1 %) 45 (38.5 %)
 3 h 9 (8.0 %) 13 (11.1 %)
 4 or More hours 1 (0.8 %) 1 (0.8 %)
ASA Classification
 ASA 1 105 (92.92 %) 102 (87.18 %) 0.116
 ASA 2 7 (6.19 %) 15 (12.82 %)
 ASA 3 1 (0.88) 0.00