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Table 4 Types of errors for high-alert medications from 2011 to 2013

From: Using Positive Deviance to reduce medication errors in a tertiary care hospital

  High-alert medication p
No Yes
N = 3108 N = 905
n (%) n (%)
Wrong Time 483 (15.94) 150 (16.93) 0.45b
Prescription Error 230 (7.59) 140 (15.80) <0.001b
Wrong medication 409 (13.50) 112 (12.64) 0.54b
Wrong dosage 316 (10.43) 110 (12.42) 0.09b
Medication not administered 693 (22.87) 85 (9.59) <0.001b
Administration error 229 (7.56) 60 (6.77) 0.45b
Wrong infusion time 54 (1.78) 59 (6.66) <0.001b
Absence of prescription 66 (2.18) 27 (3.05) 0.13b
Error in preparation 58 (1.91) 26 (2.93) 0.06b
Wrong Patient 128 (4.22) 26 (2.93) 0.09b
Error in acquisition 75 (2.48) 21 (2.37) 0.87b
Wrong dilution 34 (1.12) 19 (2.14) 0.02b
Wrong route 78 (2.57) 19 (2.14) 0.48b
Unauthorized administration 31 (1.02) 11 (1.24) 0.57b
Wrong administration technique 9 (0.30) 7 (0.79) 0.07a
Wrong treatment duration 9 (0.30) 6 (0.68) 0.12a
Wrong date 11 (0.36) 5 (0.56) 0.38a
Allergy not considered 23 (0.76) 4 (0.45) 0.33b
Illegible 30 (0.99) 3 (0.34) 0.06b
Wrong paperwork 31 (1.02) 3 (0.34) 0.05b
Prior history of allergy 89 (2.94) 3 (0.34) <0.001b
Monitoring 5 (0.17) 3 (0.34) 0.39a
Absence of checking 4 (0.13) 2 (0.23) 0.62a
Dispensing error 8 (0.26) 2 (0.23) >0.99a
Not Identified 2 (0.07) 1 (0.11) 0.54a
Inadequate actions of patient/family 3 (0.10) 1 (0.11) >0.99a
  1. aFisher’s Exact Test; bChi-square test