cGMP-dependent kinase 2, Na+/H+ regulatory factor 2, and Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 assemble within lipid rafts in murine small intestinal brush border membrane
© Luo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 29 August 2013
Trafficking, brush border membrane (BBM) retention, and signal-specific regulation of the Na+/H+ exchanger NHE3 is regulated by Na+/H+ Exchanger Regulatory Factor (NHERF) family of PDZ-adapter proteins, which enable the formation of multiprotein complexes. It is unclear, however, what determines signal specificity of the very homologous NHERFs. We studied the association of NHE3, as well as NHERF1 (EBP50), NHERF2 (E3KARP) and NHERF3 (PDZK1) with lipid rafts in murine small intestinal BBM and their possible association with signaling molecules. NHE3 was found to partially associate with glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains in the native BBM, and NHE3 raft association had an impact on NHE3 transport activity as well as on second-messenger-dependent regulation in vivo. NHERF1, 2 and 3 were differentially distributed to rafts and non-rafts, with NHERF2 being most raft-associated and NHERF3 entirely non-raft associated. A search for other signalling molecules that are implicated in regulating NHE3 through a NHERF interaction, cGMP-dependent kinase II, which together with NHERF2 is essential for guanylin/heat stable enterotoxin of E.coli (STa)-mediated NHE3 inhibition in the intestine, was found exclusively lipid-raft associated. In conclusion, the differential association of the NHERFs, as well as kinases, with the raft-associated and the non-raft fraction of NHE3 in the brush border membrane is likely one component of the differential and signal-specific NHE3 regulation by the different NHERFs.
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