Evidence for functional coupling of cGMP/cGKI signalling and TRPC channels in endothelium but not in vascular smooth muscle
© Loga et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 29 August 2013
Signaling via cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI) is the major pathway in vascular smooth muscle (SM), by which endothelial NO regulates vascular tone. Recent evidence suggests that canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels are targets of cGKI in SM and mediate the relaxant effects of cGMP signaling. We tested this concept by investigating the role of cGMP/cGKI signaling on vascular tone and peripheral resistance using Trpc6-/-, Trpc3-/-, Trpc3-/-/6-/-, Trpc1-/-/3-/-/6-/-, and SM-specific cGKI-/- (sm-cGKI-/-) mice.
α-adrenergic stimulation induced similar contractions in L-NAME-treated aorta and comparably increased peripheral pressure in hind limbs from all mouse lines investigated. After α-adrenergic stimulation, 8-Br-cGMP diminished similarly aortic tone and peripheral pressure in control, Trpc6-/-, Trpc3-/-, Trpc3-/-/6-/-, and Trpc1-/-/3-/-/6-/- mice but not in sm-cGKI-/- mice. In untreated aorta, α-adrenergic stimulation induced larger contractions in aorta from sm-cGKI-/-, Trpc6-/-, Trpc3-/-/6-/-, and Trpc1-/-/3-/-/6-/- than in those from control and Trpc3-/- mice indicating a functional link between cGKI and TRPC6 channels. TRPC3 channels were detected by immunocytochemistry in both isolated aortic SM cells (SMC) and aortic endothelial cells (EC), whereas TRPC6 channels were detected only in EC. Phenylephrine-stimulated Ca2+ levels were similar in SMC from Ctr and Trpc6 -/- mice. Carbachol-stimulated Ca2+ levels were reduced in EC from Trpc6 -/- mice. Stimulated Ca2+ levels were lowered by 8-Br-cGMP in Ctr but not in Trpc6 -/- EC.
The results suggest that cGKI and TRPC1,3,6 channels are not functionally coupled in vascular SM. Deletion of TRPC6 channels impaired endothelial cGKI signaling and the vasodilator tone in aorta.
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