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Discovery of IWP-051, a Novel Orally Bioavailable Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulator with Sustained and Dose-Dependent Hemodynamic Effects

Background

Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulators are small molecule agonists of sGC that are heme-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-independent, and act in synergy with NO. Herein, we describe a novel class of pyrazole-pyrimidine sGC stimulators and their evolution from an early lead to IWP-051 by optimizing SAR for in vitro potency, pharmacokinetic parameters, and off-target activity.

Conclusion

IWP-051 is a potent sGC stimulator with >99% plasma protein binding, high metabolic stability, high permeability, and no efflux in a Caco-2 model of intestinal absorption. In rat PK studies, IWP-051 had low clearance and a low volume of distribution. Its elimination half-life in rats was >4 hrs. IWP-051 exhibited dose-related oral exposure, its Tmax was >3 hrs in rats, and its oral bioavailability was >40% in mice, rats, and dogs. In normotensive rats, oral doses of IWP-051 ranging from 1 to 100 mg/kg decreased mean arterial pressure in a sustained and dose-responsive manner. Distinct features of the pharmacologic profile of IWP-051, including metabolic stability, protracted gastrointestinal absorption, and sustained effect on hemodynamics upon oral dosing in rats, make IWP-051 an exciting pharmacologic advancement in the sGC stimulator class.

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Correspondence to Rajesh R Iyengar.

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Nakai, T., Perl, N.R., Iyengar, R.R. et al. Discovery of IWP-051, a Novel Orally Bioavailable Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulator with Sustained and Dose-Dependent Hemodynamic Effects. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 16, A59 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-6511-16-S1-A59

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Keywords

  • Nitric Oxide
  • Plasma Protein Binding
  • Metabolic Stability
  • Soluble Guanylate Cyclase
  • Early Lead