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Retraction Note: The teratogenic effect of pregabalin on heart, liver and kidney in rats: a light microscopic, electron microscopic and immunohistochemical study

The Original Article was published on 05 January 2022

Retraction Note: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology (2022) 23:4

https://doi.org/10.1186/s40360-021-00546-2

The Editor has retracted this article. After publication, concerns were raised regarding image similarities and irregular features in the presented figures. Specifically:

Fig. 2d appears to contain highly similar areas, and an unusual diagonal artifact that appears to duplicate nearby features of the image.

Fig. 2e appears to contain highly similar areas within the image.

Fig. 3a and b appear to overlap.

Fig. 5a and b appear highly similar, with some minor differences.

Fig. 8b appears to contain highly similar areas within image.

Fig. 10a appears to contain unusual features in the image.

The Editor therefore no longer has confidence in the presented data.

Noha Esmael Ebrahem, Eman S. Shaltout, Wael M. A. Abd El-Ghani, Noha A. Rashed, Asmaa M. Hasan, Omnia I. Ismail, Ahmed Mohamed Mohamed Mahmoud and Nora Z. Abdellah do not agree to this retraction. Diab F. Hetta and Lobna A. Abdelzaher has not responded to any correspondence from the editor or publisher about this retraction.

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Correspondence to Omnia I. Ismail.

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The online version of the original article can be found at https://doi.org/10.1186/s40360-021-00546-2.

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Ismail, O.I., Shaltout, E.S., Abdellah, N.Z. et al. Retraction Note: The teratogenic effect of pregabalin on heart, liver and kidney in rats: a light microscopic, electron microscopic and immunohistochemical study. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 24, 53 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40360-023-00697-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40360-023-00697-4