Skip to main content


Page 3 of 21

  1. Bupivacaine blocks many ion channels in the heart muscle, causing severe cardiotoxicity. Small-conductance calcium-activated potassium type 2 channels (SK2 channels) are widely distributed in the heart cells a...

    Authors: Hongfei Chen, Zhousheng Jin, Fangfang Xia and Zhijian Fu
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:15
  2. The impact of prior exposure to systemic corticosteroids on COVID-19 severity in patients hospitalized for a SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia is not known. The present study was designed to answer to this question.

    Authors: Margaux Lafaurie, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Pierre Delobel, Nassim Kamar, Sandrine Charpentier, Agnès Sommet and Guillaume Moulis
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:14
  3. Linezolid is administered as a fixed dose to all patients despite evidence of overexposure and thrombocytopenia in renal impairment. The aims of this study were to evaluate the risk of thrombocytopenia and the...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawasuji, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Chika Ogami, Kou Kimoto, Akitoshi Ueno, Yuki Miyajima, Koyomi Kawago, Ippei Sakamaki and Yoshihiro Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:13
  4. Poor quality medicines have serious implications for public health. The aim of this study was to explore the quality of the antidiabetic pioglitazone, using samples collected in China and Myanmar, and samples ...

    Authors: Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Naoko Yoshida, Hirohito Tsuboi, Erina Maeda, Andrea Vanessa Velasco Ibarra, Theingi Zin, Yoshio Akimoto, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto and Kazuko Kimura
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:12
  5. High-intensity statin therapy is typically used in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) for secondary prevention. However, there have been consistent concerns regarding its association with diabetes...

    Authors: Jah Yeon Choi, Cheol Ung Choi, Byoung Geol Choi, Yoonjee Park, Dong Oh Kang, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jin Oh Na, Jin Won Kim, Eung Ju Kim, Seung-Woon Rha, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Myung Ho Jeong, Sung-Chull Chae, In-Whan Seong…
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:11
  6. Aryl-propionic acid derivatives with ibuprofen as representative drug are very important for therapy, being recommended especially for anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. On other hand 1,3-thiazolidine-4-...

    Authors: Ioana-Mirela Vasincu, Maria Apotrosoaei, Sandra Constantin, Maria Butnaru, Liliana Vereștiuc, Cătălina-Elena Lupușoru, Frederic Buron, Sylvain Routier, Dan Lupașcu, Roxana-Georgiana Taușer and Lenuța Profire
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:10
  7. Emodin, a natural anthraquinone, has shown potential as an effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of many diseases including cancer. However, its clinical development is hindered by uncertainties surroun...

    Authors: Alexander T. Sougiannis, Reilly T. Enos, Brandon N. VanderVeen, Kandy T. Velazquez, Brittany Kelly, Sierra McDonald, William Cotham, Ioulia Chatzistamou, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Daping Fan and E. Angela Murphy
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:9
  8. Hormonal receptor positive (HR+) breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed molecular subtype of breast cancer; which showed good response to doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy. Eugenol (EUG) and astaxanth...

    Authors: Mariam A. Fouad, Mohamed M. Sayed-Ahmed, Etimad A. Huwait, Hafez F. Hafez and Abdel-Moneim M. Osman
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:8
  9. Oxidative damage to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells contributes to the development of age-related macular degeneration, which is among the leading causes of visual loss in elderly people. In the present...

    Authors: Myung Hee Kim, Do-Hun Kim, Su Geun Yang and Dae Yu Kim
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:7
  10. Vigabatrin (VGB) is an approved non-traditional antiepileptic drug that has been revealed to have potential for treating brain tumors; however, its effect on ionic channels in glioma cells remains largely uncl...

    Authors: Te-Yu Hung, Huai-Ying Ingrid Huang, Sheng-Nan Wu and Chin-Wei Huang
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:6
  11. Acetaminophen (APAP) induced hepatotoxicity is a clinically important problem. Up to now, interventive therapy with n-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been considered as a gold-standard treatment for APAP overdose. Ho...

    Authors: Samaneh Nakhaee, Mohammad Dastjerdi, Hesam Roumi, Omid Mehrpour and Khadijeh Farrokhfall
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:4
  12. Considering the limited generalizability of previous anticholinergic burden scales, the Korean Anticholinergic Burden Scale (KABS) as a scale specific to the Korean population was developed. We aimed to valida...

    Authors: Sunghee Hwang, Jee Eun Chung, Kwanghee Jun, Young-Mi Ah, Kwang-Il Kim and Ju-Yeun Lee
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:2
  13. The development of novel and effective drugs for targeted human hepatocellular carcinoma still remains a great challenge. The alkaloid nitidine chloride (NC), a component of a traditional Chinese medicine, has...

    Authors: Danni Li, Shaogang Liu, Jiahao Zhu, Liqun Shen, Qi ying Zhang and Hua Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2021 22:1
  14. A novel, high bioavailability oral, enteric coated tablet formulation of S-adenosylmethionine (MSI-195) has been developed for life science application. The present research reports on a Phase 1 study to (i) d...

    Authors: Beth R. Cameron, Ludvina Ferreira and I. David MacDonald
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:88
  15. Aging populations are often accompanied by comorbidity and polypharmacy, leading to increases in adverse drug reactions (ADRs). We sought to evaluate the causes and characteristics of ADRs in older Korean adul...

    Authors: Seong-Dae Woo, Jiwon Yoon, Go-Eun Doo, Youjin Park, Youngsoo Lee, So-Hee Lee, Young-Hee Lee and Young-Min Ye
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:87
  16. Bempedoic acid is a new drug that reduces cholesterol synthesis via inhibiting ATP citrate lyase. It remains unclear whether the combination of bempedoic acid and other lipid-lowering drugs is better than thes...

    Authors: Xiang Zhao, Xubiao Ma, Xing Luo, Zhihua Shi, Ziwen Deng, Yuanxiang Jin, Zhipeng Xiao, Liming Tan, Pingfang Liu, Shilong Jiang, Yuanglu Shu, Bing Tang and Chengfeng Qiu
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:86
  17. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of carnosine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    Authors: Jing Ma, Xiaoyuan Xu, Ranran Wang, Haijing Yan, Huijuan Yao, Hongmei Zhang, Shaowei Jiang and Ajing Xu
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:85
  18. Hypertension is the the primary cause of diastolic heart failure. Oxidative stress plays an important role in cardiac diastolic dysfunction caused by hypertension. The occurrence of oxidative stress is related...

    Authors: Xiaoli Guan, Xiaoying Guan, Changhong Lu, Bo Shang, Yuan Zhao, Ying Meng and Zhengyi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:84
  19. Tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is a quaternary ammonium compound that is both a base corrosive and a cholinergic agonist, and it is widely used in the photoelectric and semiconductor industries. It cause...

    Authors: Chih-Kang Huang, Alan H. Hall, Ming-Ling Wu, Chen-Chang Yang, Dong-Zong Hung, Yan-Chiao Mao and Jou-Fang Deng
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:83
  20. Acute lung injury (ALI) together with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are associated with high rate of mortality and morbidity in patients. In the current study, the anti-inflammatory effects of con...

    Authors: Hassan Ali, Ashrafullah Khan, Jawad Ali, Hadayat Ullah, Adnan Khan, Hussain Ali, Nadeem Irshad and Salman Khan
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:81
  21. Levamlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, has been show act as a cardiovascular drug. To compare the pharmacokinetic parameters between levamlodipine (test formulation) at a single dose of 5 mg and amlodipine ...

    Authors: Xin Li, Chenjing Wang, Ting Li, Yanping Liu, Shuqin Liu, Ye Tao, Yaping Ma, Xiaomeng Gao and Yu Cao
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:80
  22. Although two novel synthesized compounds with tri-aryl structures; 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-oxadiazole (A) and 3,5-bis-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-oxadiazol...

    Authors: Tayebeh Afsharirad, Raheleh Tahmasvand, Mohsen Amini, Bahram Daraei and Mona Salimi
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:79
  23. Plants provide a ray of hope to combat the ever increasing antibiotic resistance and Symplocos racemosa is a valuable medicinal plant. The study focused on highlighting the importance of this plant’s phytoconstit...

    Authors: Henna Sood, Yashwant Kumar, Vipan Kumar Gupta and Daljit Singh Arora
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:78
  24. Imatinib is mainly metabolized by CYP3A4 and to a lesser extent by other isoenzymes, with N-desmethyl imatinib being its major equipotent metabolite. Being a CYP3A4 substrate, imatinib co-administration with CYP3...

    Authors: Ruba S. Darweesh, Tamam El-Elimat, Aref Zayed, Tareq N. Khamis, Wahby M. Babaresh, Tawfiq Arafat and Ahmed H. Al Sharie
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:77
  25. Currently, there are no effective medications to reverse periodontal disease (PD)-induced bone loss. The objective of this study was to test a new anabolic compound, LLP2A-Ale, or with the combination treatmen...

    Authors: Min Jiang, Lixian Liu, Ruiwu Liu, Kit S. Lam, Nancy E. Lane and Wei Yao
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:76
  26. Whilst cannabis commercialization is occurring rapidly guided by highly individualistic public narratives, evidence that all congenital anomalies (CA) increase alongside cannabis use in Canada, a link with 21 ...

    Authors: Albert Stuart Reece and Gary Kenneth Hulse
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:75
  27. Cigarette smoking is a critical risk factor for the destruction of lung parenchyma or the development of emphysema, which is characteristic of COPD. Disruption of epithelial layer integrity may contribute to l...

    Authors: Cheng-hsiung Chen, Yi-Rong Li, Sheng-Hao Lin, Hsiu-Hui Chang, Woei-Horng Chai, Po-Chiang Chan and Ching-Hsiung Lin
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:74
  28. Of patients receiving moderate emetic risk chemotherapy (MEC), 30–90% experience chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV); however, the optimal antiemetic treatment remains controversial.

    Authors: Reiko Matsui, Kenichi Suzuki, Tomomi Takiguchi, Makoto Nishio, Takeshi Koike, Toshinobu Hayashi, Takashi Seto, Yuki Kogure, Naoyuki Nogami, Kimiko Fujiwara, Hiroyasu Kaneda, Tomohiko Harada, Satoru Shimizu, Masashi Kimura, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Mototsugu Shimokawa…
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:72
  29. Cantharidin (CTD) is a compound which have the potential to be exploited as an antitumor drug, and it has been demonstrated antitumor effects in a variety of cancers. However, the use is limited due to its sev...

    Authors: Haozhen Shao, Lei Dong, Yanyan Feng, Chunhui Wang and Hongxuan Tong
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:71
  30. Combined inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complexes may be an efficient treatment for acute leukemia. The primary objective of this phase I single...

    Authors: Fabian Lang, Lydia Wunderle, Susanne Badura, Eberhard Schleyer, Monika Brüggemann, Hubert Serve, Susanne Schnittger, Nicola Gökbuget, Heike Pfeifer, Sebastian Wagner, Kevin Ashelford, Gesine Bug and Oliver G. Ottmann
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:70
  31. Cisplatin is an important drug in the treatment of various Cancers. However, this drug causes nephrotoxicity that is linked to electrolyte derangement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of elect...

    Authors: Omary M. S. Minzi, Tatu E. Lyimo, Francis F. Furia, Alphonce I. Marealle, Manase Kilonzi, George M. Bwire and Christina Malichewe
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:69
  32. To describe and analyze the patterns of adverse events associated with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin, vildagliptin, and alogliptin) from the FDA Adverse Eve...

    Authors: Jing Huang, Yuntao Jia, Shusen Sun and Long Meng
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:68
  33. The indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor 1-methyl-tryptophan (1-MT) is currently being used in clinical trials in patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors by inhibiting tumor immune escape. A ...

    Authors: Huihan Ma, Qian Qin, Jiaqing Mi and Qinmei Feng
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:67
  34. Gene expression profile analysis on mammalian cell lines and animal models after exposure to botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) has been investigated in several studies in recent years. Microarray analysis provides a...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Carol S. Ringelberg and Bal R. Singh
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:66
  35. Cisplatin (CDDP) is an effective anticancer drug for Gastric cancer (GC) that induces apoptosis by altering pro- (p53) and anti-apoptotic (Akt and NFkB) proteins; however, chemoresistance remains a big challen...

    Authors: Shadia Al-Bahlani, Ikram A. Burney, Buthaina Al-Dhahli, Safiya Al-Kharusi, Fakhra Al-Kharousi, Amani Al-Kalbani and Ikhlas Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:64
  36. Drug-drug interaction is an emerging threat to public health. Currently, there is an increase in comorbid disease, polypharmacy, and hospitalization in Ethiopia. Thus, the possibility of drug-drug interaction ...

    Authors: Wondim Ayenew, Getahun Asmamaw and Arebu Issa
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:63
  37. Acrylamide (ACR) formed during heating of tobacco and carbohydrate-rich food as well as widely applied in industries has been known as a well-established neurotoxic pollutant. Although the precise mechanism is...

    Authors: Jie Guo, Xiaolu Cao, Xianmin Hu, Shulan Li and Jun Wang
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:62
  38. The existence of a cross-talk between peritumoral adipocytes and cancer cells has been increasingly investigated. Several studies have shown that these adipocytes protect tumor cells from the effect of antican...

    Authors: A. Geneste, M. N. Duong, L. Molina, L. Conilh, S. Beaumel, A. Cleret, K. Chettab, M. Lachat, L. P. Jordheim, E. L. Matera and C. Dumontet
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:61
  39. Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an essential immunosuppressant in organ transplantation. However, its chronic nephrotoxicity is an obstacle to long allograft survival that has not been overcome. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-...

    Authors: Shinya Morita, Kazunobu Shinoda, Tadashi Yoshida, Masayuki Shimoda, Yoshihiko Kanno, Ryuichi Mizuno, Hidaka Kono, Hiroshi Asanuma, Ken Nakagawa, Kazuo Umezawa and Mototsugu Oya
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:60
  40. Non-alcoholic fatty liver is one of the most common comorbidities of diabetes. It can cause disturbance of glucose and lipid metabolism in the body, gradually develop into liver fibrosis, and even cause liver ...

    Authors: He Lin, Houlei Teng, Wei Wu, Yong Li, Guangfu Lv, Xiaowei Huang, Wenhao Yan and Zhe Lin
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:59
  41. Adolescents experience higher levels of non-adherence to HIV treatment. Drug concentration in hair promises to be reliable for assessing exposure to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Pharmacokinetic modelling can ex...

    Authors: Bernard Ngara, Simbarashe Zvada, Tariro Dianah Chawana, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Charles Fungai Brian Nhachi and Simbarashe Rusakaniko
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:58
  42. This study aimed to assess the pediatric lisinopril doses using an adult physiological based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. As the empirical rules of dose calculation cannot calculate gender-specific pediatric ...

    Authors: Memoona Rashid, Muhammad Sarfraz, Mosab Arafat, Amjad Hussain, Nasir Abbas, Muhammad Waqas Sadiq, Muhammad Fawad Rasool and Nadeem Irfan Bukhari
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:56
  43. To investigate the effects of coadministration of esaxerenone with amlodipine on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of each drug, and of esaxerenone on the PK of digoxin.

    Authors: Yoshiaki Kirigaya, Masanari Shiramoto, Tomoko Ishizuka, Hinako Uchimaru, Shin Irie, Manabu Kato, Takako Shimizu, Takafumi Nakatsu, Yasuhiro Nishikawa and Hitoshi Ishizuka
    Citation: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2020 21:55
Reviewer acknowledgments

Annual Journal Metrics

Peer-review Terminology

  • The following summary describes the peer review process for this journal:

    Identity transparency: Single anonymized

    Reviewer interacts with: Editor

    Review information published: Review reports. Reviewer Identities reviewer opt in. Author/reviewer communication

    More information is available here

Sign up for article alerts and news from this journal