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Phospho-specific antisera to monitor N-terminal autophosphorylation of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I
BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology volume 14, Article number: P74 (2013)
Although the cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I (cGKI) is an important mediator of cGMP signaling in many cells and tissues, its’ in vivo-biochemistry is not well understood. It has been shown that the purified enzyme can autophosphorylate multiple sites in its N-terminal region in the presence of ATP and cyclic nucleotides (cGMP and/or cAMP). N-terminal autophosphorylation might be involved in the activation of the kinase by cGMP in vitro, but it is not clear whether or not this also happens in intact cells .
To detect autophosphorylated cGKI in cells and tissues, we have generated polyclonal rabbit antisera against the major in vitro autophosphorylation sites of murine cGKI-alpha (Ser-50; Thr-58, Ser-72, and Thr-84) and cGKI-beta (Thr-56, Ser-63, and Ser-79). ELISAs with peptides containing the respective amino acids in their non-phosphorylated or phosphorylated form as well as Western blots with purified cGKI-alpha and cGKI-beta indicated that the antisera specifically recognized the autophosphorylated N-termini of these isoforms. The sensitivity of detection was comparable to a highly sensitive pan-cGKI antiserum. Interestingly, the addition of ATP (100 µM) alone was sufficient to induce autophosphorylation of the purified isozymes in vitro. Surprisingly, we were not able to detect phospho-cGKI species in intact fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells, both under basal conditions as well as after induction of cGKI kinase activity (monitored as VASP phosphorylation) with cGMP-elevating compounds.
We have generated phospho-specific antisera against the N-terminal regions of cGKI-alpha and cGKI-beta and could confirm the previously reported autophosphorylation of these isozymes in vitro. However, our results question the relevance of N-terminal autophosphorylation of cGKI in intact cells.
Francis SH, Busch JL, Corbin JD: cGMP-dependent protein kinases and cGMP phosphodiesterases in nitric oxide and cGMP action. Pharmacol Rev. 2010, 62: 525-563. 10.1124/pr.110.002907.
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Vallur, R., Kalbacher, H., Krauß, J. et al. Phospho-specific antisera to monitor N-terminal autophosphorylation of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 14, P74 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-6511-14-S1-P74
- Smooth Muscle Cell
- Kinase Activity
- Vascular Smooth Muscle
- Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell