Investigating the impact of a mutation in PDE5A on myocardial infarction
© Dang et al. 2015
Published: 2 September 2015
Recently, our group has discovered a family suffering from premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). Whole-exome sequencing of three affected family members revealed that these shared a mutation in the PDE5A gene encoding the phosphodiesterase 5A protein. Mutations in proteins involved in cGMP-signalling have already been shown to play an important role in premature CAD/MI . Here, we aimed to characterize the effect of this mutation at the molecular level.
PDE5A encodes three distinct isoforms, PDE5A1, PDE5A2, and PDE5A3, all of which cleave cGMP, a second messenger that plays an important role in e.g. smooth muscle relaxation and thrombocyte passivation. The particular mutation is located in the first intron of PDE5A1 and PDE5A3, which is known to be an alternative promoter site , and in the first exon of PDE5A2, generating a premature stop codon. Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) analysis in HeLa S3 nucleus cell lysates revealed allele-specific binding of the transcription factor ZFX to the major allele. In line, reporter gene analysis of the first intron of PDE5A1 and PDE5A3 by luciferase assay pointed to significantly different promoter activities of the investigated alleles in HEK293 cells with 40% increased activity of the mutated allele. Furthermore, overexpression experiments of the mutated construct in HEK293E cells did not show a loss of transcript as supposed by the premature stop codon but hinted towards the expression of an N-terminal truncated PDE5A2 isoform.
We demonstrated an increased promoter activity of the mutated PDE5A allele which might lead to increased expression of PDE5A isoforms. This differential promotor activity could be mediated by allele-specific binding of the transcription factor ZFX, which is part of current studies. As the N-terminus of PDE5A, i.e. the GAF-domain, act as an important regulator of enzymatic activity , we hypothesize that the truncated PDE5A2 isoform might be more active. Overall, our results point towards a gain of function mutation in PDE5A associated with premature CAD and MI.
- Erdmann J, Stark K, Esslinger UB, Rumpf PM, Koesling D, de Wit C, et al: Dysfunctional nitric oxide signalling increases risk of myocardial infarction. Nature. 2013, 504 (7480): 432-436. 10.1038/nature12722.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Lin CS, Lau A, Tu R, Lue TF: Identification of three alternative first exons and an intronic promoter of human PDE5A gene. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000, 268 (2): 596-602. 10.1006/bbrc.2000.2186.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Wang H, Robinson H, Ke H: Conformation changes, N-terminal involvement, and cGMP signal relay in the phosphodiesterase-5 GAF domain. J Biol Chem. 2010, 285 (49): 38149-38156. 10.1074/jbc.M110.141614.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.