Natriuretic peptides regulate sympathetic nervous activity independent of mineralocorticoid receptor
© Nakagawa et al. 2015
Published: 2 September 2015
Natriuretic peptides (ANP/BNP) increase cGMP and exert cardiovascular protective effects via guanylyl cyclase A (GC-A) receptor, which is distributed in many organs such as the heart, the vasculature and the brain . Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) as well as renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system contributes to cardiovascular disease. However, the endogenous effect of GC-A signaling on SNS is not investigated. Recent study shows that activated mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in the hypothalamus induces systemic SNS activation , whereas ANP infusion in human inhibited SNS activity in the heart . Notably, it is reported that ANP counteracts the deleterious effects of MR in the heart . Therefore, we hypothesized that ANP suppresses MR activation in the brain and leads to the inhibition of SNS activity.
To investigate whether ANP/GC-A signaling inhibits SNS activity through the suppression of the brain MR, we examined urinary catecholamine secretion in global GC-A receptor KO mice and the effect of intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of MR blocker.
Methods and results
We measured blood pressure (BP) and urinary norepinephrine (U-NE) secretion in wild type and global GC-A KO mice. Both BP and U-NE is significantly higher in GC-A KO than in wild type mice, indicating SNS is activated in GC-A KO mice. To study whether SNS activation is caused by the brain MR, we infused Eplerenone (MR blocker) into the ICV with osmotic mini pump for 2 weeks. Contrary to our hypothesis, both BP and U-NE did not change after 2 weeks ICV infusion, suggesting that activated SNS in GC-A KO is independent of MR. Furthermore, high sodium diet (NaCl 6%) for 2 weeks did not increase BP and U-NE in GC-A KO mice. MR protein expression in the hypothalamus was almost similar between GC-A KO and Wild type mice. These data suggest that SNS activity in GC-A KO mice is independent of MR and insensitive to sodium load. Unexpectedly, the most of GC-A KO mice died after ICV infusion of Losartan (AT1 receptor blocker), whereas wild type mice survived.
Natriuretic peptides/GC-A signaling regulates SNS activity independent of both brain MR and sodium load. Brain AT1 receptor might be important in the regulation of cardiovascular system in global GC-A KO mice.
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