- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
Riociguat and cinaciguat exert no direct effects on contractility and relaxation of cardiac myocytes from normal rats
BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology volume 16, Article number: A77 (2015)
In the clinical setting, administration of organic nitrates and nitric oxide (NO) donors has serious limitations such as resistance to NO and organic nitrates due to insufficient biometabolism and development of tolerance following prolonged administration of NO soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) to NO [1, 2]. This circumstance has led to development of heme-dependent sGC stimulators and heme-independent sGC activators. The sGC stimulator riociguat and the sGC activator cinaciguat have been shown to induce various beneficial effects in both experimental and clinical research. Any direct dose-dependent effects of these compounds on cell contraction and relaxation of isolated cardiac myocytes, however, remain to be elucidated .
Methods and results
We analyzed the dose-dependent effects of the sGC stimulator riociguat and the sGC activator cinaciguat at clinical relevant concentrations (10-10–10-5 mol/L) on contraction, relaxation, and calcium transients of isolated field-stimulated cardiac myocytes from healthy rats – in comparison to the β-adrenoreceptor agonist isoproterenol (10-9–10-5 mol/l), the calcium channel blocker verapamil (10-9–10-5 mol/L), and the cell permeable cGMP-analog 8-(4-Chlorophenylthio)-guanosine3’,5’-cyclic monophosphate (8-pCPT-cGMP;10-9–10-6 mol/L). Isoproterenol induced a dose-dependent significant increase in cell contraction, contraction velocity, relaxation velocity, and calcium transients, whereas verapamil significantly decreased these parameters. On the other hand, 8-pCPT-cGMP induced a negative inotropic effect at 10-5mol/L accompanied by a slight increase in relaxation velocity. In contrast, neither riociguat nor cinaciguat significantly influenced all measured parameters. Furthermore, we determined the immediate effect of riociguat and cinaciguat on cGMP and cAMP production in isolated rat cardiac myocytes. Whereas the cAMP signaling cascade was influenced neither by riociguat nor by cinaciguat, both compounds (at 10-6 mol/L) significantly increased intracellular cGMP generation. Moreover, this accumulation was significantly augmented by cinaciguat in the presence of the sGC inhibitor 1H- [1, 2], 4 Oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, 25 µM) whereas ODQ blocked cGMP generation by riociguat. However, blocking of sGC did not influence cell contractility.
Our data revealed that an increase in cGMP levels induced by riociguat and cinaciguat at clinical relevant concentrations is not associated with acute direct effects on cell contraction and relaxation in isolated cardiac myocytes from healthy rats.
Evgenov OV, Pacher P, Schmidt PM, Hasko G, Schmidt HH, Stasch JP: NO-independent stimulators and activators of soluble guanylate cyclase: discovery and therapeutic potential. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006, 5 (9): 755-768. 10.1038/nrd2038.
Stasch JP, Pacher P, Evgenov OV: Soluble guanylate cyclase as an emerging therapeutic target in cardiopulmonary disease. Circulation. 2011, 123 (20): 2263-2273. 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.981738.
Hammond J, Balligand JL: Nitric oxide synthase and cyclic GMP signaling in cardiac myocytes: from contractility to remodeling. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2012, 52 (2): 330-340. 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2011.07.029.
Rights and permissions
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
To view a copy of this licence, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
About this article
Cite this article
Reinke, Y., Gross, S., Eckerle, L.G. et al. Riociguat and cinaciguat exert no direct effects on contractility and relaxation of cardiac myocytes from normal rats. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 16 (Suppl 1), A77 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-6511-16-S1-A77
- Nitric Oxide
- Cardiac Myocytes
- Calcium Transient
- Cell Contraction
- Organic Nitrate