Steketee R, Wirima J, Bloland P, Chilima B, Mermin J: Impairment of a pregnant woman’s acquired ability to limit Plasmodium falciparum by infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus type-1. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1996, 55 (1): 42-49.
Ter Kuile FO, Parise ME, Verhoeff FH, Udhayakumar V, Newman RD, Van Eijk AM, Rogerson SJ, Steketee RW: The burden of co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 and malaria in pregnant women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004, 71 (2): 41-54.
Mount AM, Mwapasa V, Elliott SR, Beeson JG: Impairment of humoral immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria in pregnancy by HIV infection. Lancet. 2004, 363 (9424): 1860-1867. 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16354-X.
Ned RM, Moore JM, Chaisavaneeykorn S, Udhayakumar V: Modulation of immune responses during HIV–malaria co-infection in pregnancy. Trends Parasitol. 2005, 21 (6): 284-291. 10.1016/j.pt.2005.04.010.
World Health Organization: Guideline on co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-related infections among children, adolescents and adults in resource-limited settings. Recommendations for a public health approach. 2006, Geneva
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare: Tanzania National Guideline for Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV/AIDS. 2011, Dar Es Salaam
De Castro MC, Yamagata Y, Mtasiwa D, Tanner M, Utzinger J, Keiser J, Singer BH: Integrated urban malaria control: a case study in Dar Es Salaam. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004, 71 (Suppl 2): 103-117.
Omo-Aghoja LO, Abe E, Feyi-Waboso P, Okonofua FE: The challenges of diagnosis and treatment of malaria in pregnancy in low resource settings. Acta Obstet Gynecol. 2008, 87 (7): 693-696. 10.1080/00016340802136889.
Uneke CJ: Diagnosis of Plasmoduim falciparum malaria in pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: the challenges and public health implications. J Parasitol Res. 2008, 102: 333-342. 10.1007/s00436-007-0782-6.
Leke RFG, Djokam RR, Mbu R, Leke RJ, Fogako J, Megnekou R, Matenou S, Sama G, Zhou Y, Cadigan T, Parra M, Taylor DW: Detection of the Plasmodium falciparum antigen histidine-rich protein 2 in blood of pregnant women : implications for diagnosing placental malaria. J Clin Microbiol. 1999, 37 (9): 2992-2996.
The Municipal Medical Officer of Health: Kinondoni municipality profile. 2008, Dar Es Salaam
Newman PM, Wanzira H, Tumwine G, Arinaitwe E, Waldman S, Achan J, Havlir D, Rosenthal PJ, Dorsey G, Clark TD, Cohan D: Placental malaria among HIV-infected and uninfected women receiving anti-folates in a high transmission area of Uganda. Malar J. 2009, 8: 254-10.1186/1475-2875-8-254.
Morisky D, Green L, Levine D: Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence. J Med Care. 1986, 24 (1): 67-74. 10.1097/00005650-198601000-00007.
Morisky DE, Ang A, Krousel-wood M: Predictive validity of a medication adherence measure in an outpatient setting. J Clin Hypertesion. 2009, 10 (5): 348-354.
World Health Organization: Prevention and management of severe anaemia in pregnancy. 1993, Geneva
World Health Organization: WHO, case definitions of HIV for surveillance and revised clinical staging and immunological classification of HIV-related disease in adults and children. 2007, Geneva
Kapito-tembo A, Hensbroek van B, Phiri K, Fitzgerald M, Meshnick SR, Mwapasa V: Marked reduction in prevalence of malaria parasitemia and anemia in HIV-infected pregnant women taking cotrimoxazole with Or without Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine intermittent preventive therapy during pregnancy in Malawi. J Infect Dis. 2011, 203: 464-472. 10.1093/infdis/jiq072.
World Health Organization: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests: Test of Performance. 2008, Geneva
World Health Organization: A strategic framework for malaria prevention and control during pregnancy in the African region. 2004, Geneva
Renggli S, Mandike R, Kramer K, Patrick F, Brown NJ, McElroy PD, Rimisho W, Msengwa A, Mnzava A, Nathan R, Ntunge R, Mgullo R, Lweikiza J, Lengeler C: Design, implementation and evaluation of a national campaign to deliver 18 million free long-lasting insecticidal nets to uncovered sleeping spaces in Tanzania. Malar J. 2013, 12: 1-10.1186/1475-2875-12-1.
Maxwell CA, Msuya E, Sudi M, Njunwa KJ, Carneiro IA, Curtis CF: Effect of community-wide use of insecticide-treated nets for 3–4 years on malarial morbidity in Tanzania. J Trop Med Int Heal. 2002, 7 (12): 1003-1008. 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2002.00966.x.
West PA, Protopopoff N, Rowland M, Cumming E, Rand A, Drakeley C, Wright A, Kivaju Z, Kirby MJ, Mosha FW, Kisinza W, Kleinschmidt I: Malaria risk factors in North West Tanzania: the effect of spraying, nets and wealth. PLoS One. 2013, 8 (6): e65787-10.1371/journal.pone.0065787.
Mermin J, Ekwaru JP, Liechty CA, Were W, Downing R, Ransom R, Weidle P, Lule J, Coutinho A, Solberg P: Effect of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis, antiretroviral therapy and insecticide-treated bednets on the frequency of malaria in HIV-1-infected adults in Uganda : a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2006, 367: 1256-1261. 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68541-3.
Tanzania National AIDS Control Program: National Guideline for the Management of HIV/AIDS. 2012, Dar Es Salaam
Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan CP, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW: Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Public Health Nutr. 2013, 15 (5): 928-937.
Mehta S, Manji KP, Young AM, Brown ER, Chasela C, Taha E, Read JS, Golnberg RL, Fawzi WW: Nutritional indicators of adverse pregnancy outcomes and mother-to-child transmission of HIV among HIV-infected women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008, 87 (6): 1639-1649.
Uneke CJ, Duhlinska DD, Igbinedion EB: Immunodeficiency Virus infection and anaemia during pregnancy in eastern Nigeria: The public health implication. Infect Dis Clin Pract. 2007, 15 (4): 239-244. 10.1097/IPC.0b013e31802df508.
Nkhoma ET, Kalilani-phiri L, Mwapasa V, Rogerson SJ, Meshnick SR: Effect of HIV infection and Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia on pregnancy outcomes in Malawi. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012, 87 (1): 29-34. 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0380.
Walker AS, Mulenga V, Ford D, Kabamba D, Sinyinza F, Kankasa C, Chintu C, Gibb DM: The impact of daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis and antiretroviral therapy on mortality and hospital admissions in HIV-infected Zambian children. Clin Infect Dis. 2007, 44: 1361-1367. 10.1086/515396.
Weiss G, Goodnough LT: Anaemia of chronic disease. N Engl J Med. 2005, 352: 1011-1023. 10.1056/NEJMra041809.
Sullivan PS, Hanson DL, Chu SY, Jones JL, Ward JW, Sullivan BPS: Epidemiology of anaemia in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected persons: Results from the multistate adult and adolescent spectrum of HIV disease surveillance project. Blood. 1998, 91: 301-308.
Ziske J, Kunz A, Sewangi J, Lau I, Dugange F, Hauser A, Kirschner , Harms G, Theuring S: Hematological changes in women and infants exposed to an AZT-containing regimen for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013, 8 (2): e55633-10.1371/journal.pone.0055633.
World Health Organization: Antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants: Recommendations for a public health approach. 2010, Geneva
Sharma SK: Zidovudine-induced anaemia in HIV/AIDS. Indian J Med Res. 2010, 132: 359-361.
Sinha G, Choi TJ, Nayak U, Gupta A, Nair S, Gupte N, Bulakh PM, Satry J, Deshmukh SD, Khandekar MM, Kulkarni V, Bhosele RA, Bharuche KE, Phadke MA, Kshirsagar AS, Bolinger RC: Clinically significant anaemia in HIV-infected pregnant women in India is not a major barrier to Zidovudine use for prevention of maternal-to-child transmission. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007, 45: 210-217. 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3180556000.